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The Wars of Yesterday

The Balkan Wars and the Emergence of Modern Military Conflict, 1912-13

Edited by Katrin Boeckh and Sabine Rutar

474 pages, 4 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78533-774-1 $140.00/£100.00 Hb Not Yet Published (January 2018)

eISBN 978-1-78533-775-8 eBook Not Yet Published


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“This excellent volume is a timely addition to the literature on the Balkan Wars and beyond. Its versatility, diversity, and empirical depth are bound to make a serious impact in the field.” · Uğur Ümit Üngör, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences

Though persistently overshadowed by the Great War in historical memory, the two Balkan conflicts of 1912–1913 were among the most consequential of the early twentieth century. By pitting the states of Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Montenegro against a diminished Ottoman Empire—and subsequently against one another—they anticipated many of the horrors of twentieth-century warfare even as they produced the tense regional politics that helped spark World War I. Bringing together an international group of scholars, this volume applies the social and cultural insights of the “new military history” to revisit this critical episode with a central focus on the experiences of both combatants and civilians during wartime.

Katrin Boeckh is a Senior Researcher at the Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies in Regensburg and a Professor for East and Southeast European History at the LMU Munich. She is the author of Von den Balkankriegen zum Ersten Weltkrieg. Kleinstaatenpolitik und ethnische Selbstbestimmung auf dem Balkan (1996) and co-editor, with Sabine Rutar, of The Balkan Wars from Contemporary Perception to Historic Memory (2017).

Sabine Rutar is a Senior Researcher at the Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies. She is Editor-in-Chief of the quarterly Südosteuropa: Journal of Politics and Society and the author of Kultur – Nation – Milieu: Sozialdemokratie in Triest vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg (2004).

Subject: 20th Century History
Area: Southern Europe

BISAC: HIS010010 HISTORY/Europe/Eastern; HIS037070 HISTORY/Modern/20th Century; HIS054000 HISTORY/Social History

BIC: HBW Military history; HBTB Social & cultural history




Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1. Intimations of 20th Century Warfare: The Balkan Wars 1912/13
Katrin Boeckh and Sabine Rutar

Chapter 2. “Modern Wars” and “Backward Societies”: The Balkan Wars in the History of 20th Century European Warfare
Wolfgang Höpken

PART I: BEYOND THE BALKANS: DIPLOMATIC AND GEOPOLITICAL ASPECTS

Chapter 3. Ottoman Diplomacy on the Origins of The Balkan Wars
Gül Tokay

Chapter 4. Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Balkan Wars: A Diplomatic Struggle for Peace, Influence, and Supremacy
Alma Hannig

Chapter 5. Not Just a Prelude: The First Balkan War Crisis as the Catalyst of Final European War Preparations
Michael Hesselholt Clemmesen

PART II: ARMIES, SOLDIERS, IRREGULARS

Chapter 6. The Ottoman Mobilisation in the Balkan War. Failure and Reorganisation
Mehmet Beşikçi

Chapter 7. The Thracian Theatre of War 1912
Richard C. Hall

Chapter 8. Morale, Ideology, and the Barbarization of Warfare among Greek Soldiers
Spyridon Tsoutsoumpis

Chapter 9. A Forgotten Lesson: The Romanian Army between the Campaign in Bulgaria (1913) and the Tutrakan Debacle (1916)
Claudiu-Lucian Topor

Chapter 10. Serbian Chetniks. Traditions of Irregular Warfare
Alexey Timofeev

PART III: CIVILIANS, WOUNDED, INVALIDS

Chapter 11. The Future Enemy’s Soldiers-To-Be: Fear of War in Trieste, Austria-Hungary
Sabine Rutar

Chapter 12. The Plight of the Muslim Population in Salonica and Surrounding Areas
Vera Goseva and Natasha Kotlar-Traykova

Chapter 13. Cleansing the Nation: War-Related Demographic Changes in Macedonia
Iakovos D. Michailidis

Chapter 14. Jewish Philanthropy and Mutual Assistance Between Ottomanism and Communal Identities
Eyal Ginio

Chapter 15. The Assistance of the British Red Cross to the Ottoman Empire
Oya Dağlar Macar

Chapter 16. War Neurosis and Psychiatry in the Aftermath of the Balkan Wars
Heike Karge

Conclusion
Katrin Boeckh and Sabine Rutar

Bibliography
Index
 

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