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Samizdat, Tamizdat, and Beyond

Transnational Media During and After Socialism

Edited by Friederike Kind-Kovács and Jessie Labov

380 pages, 6 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-0-85745-585-7 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (March 2013)

ISBN  978-1-78238-918-7 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (April 2015)

eISBN 978-0-85745-586-4 eBook


Hb Pb   Request a Review or Examination Copy (in Digital Format) Recommend to your Library Buy the ebook from these vendors

“[The editors] present a wide-ranging array of case studies of unofficial and oppositional media across the socialist bloc, which enrich the growing literature on samizdat while providing one of the first detailed accounts of tamizdat.Many chapters reconstruct the complex networks via which these media circulated to East European domestic audiences and, more important, to the transnational community that could offer theoretical and practical support for dissent outside the host countries. They evoke an almost infinite variety in the type and scale of such media circulation.” · Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History

“These case studies will be invaluable to researchers seeking innovative approaches to the study of dissent, or those teaching courses on the subject who want to add something new and thought provoking to their syllabi.” · Russian Journal of Communication

"The volume is enlightening and innovative in many respects and deserves attention beyond the circles of regional specialists. Challenging received notions about the self-enclosed nature of communication and culture in Communistruled Central and Eastern Europe, contributions to the volume highlight the importance of transnational information flows within the region and across the Cold War divide." · European Journal of Communication

“Samizdat, Tamizdat, and Beyond offers a long-awaited rethinking of dissent at the grassroots level. Looking primarily but not exclusively to the Eastern Bloc, this volume skillfully stretches our understanding of samizdat to incorporate visual art, music, video, and the web. The editors bring together seemingly disparate samizdat ‘texts’ by placing them within the larger context of transnationalism, gender, and mass media. In so doing, they remind us that dissent is, first and foremost, a creative human endeavor, one that not only has a history but also a future.” · Paulina Bren, Vassar College

“The information and insights contained in this volume fill the gap in our knowledge about the vitality, diversity, and ongoing relevance of samizdat/tamizdat and alternative media not only in the post-Communist states represented here, but in emerging democracies in other regions of the world, e.g. the Middle East and Asia.” · Michael Long, Baylor University

In many ways what is identified today as “cultural globalization” in Eastern Europe has its roots in the Cold War phenomena of samizdat (“do-it-yourself” underground publishing) and tamizdat (publishing abroad). This volume offers a new understanding of how information flowed between East and West during the Cold War, as well as the much broader circulation of cultural products instigated and sustained by these practices. By expanding the definitions of samizdat and tamizdat from explicitly political print publications to include other forms and genres, this volume investigates the wider cultural sphere of alternative and semi-official texts, broadcast media, reproductions of visual art and music, and, in the post-1989 period, new media. The underground circulation of uncensored texts in the Cold War era serves as a useful foundation for comparison when looking at current examples of censorship, independent media, and the use of new media in countries like China, Iran, and the former Yugoslavia.
 

Friederike Kind-Kovács is Assistant Professor in the Department of Southeast and East European History at Regensburg University.
 

Jessie Labov is Assistant Professor in the Department of Slavic and East European Languages and Literatures at The Ohio State University.
 

Series: Volume 13, Contemporary European History
Subject: 20th Century History General Cultural Studies Media Studies
Area: Central/Eastern Europe

LC: P95.82.E852S36 2012

BL: YC.2013.a.8576

BISAC: HIS010010 HISTORY/Europe/Eastern; HIS037070 HISTORY/Modern/20th Century; SOC052000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Media Studies

BIC: HBTW The Cold War; JFD Media studies




Contents

List of Illustrations

Foreword

Acknowledgements

Introduction

Section I: Producing and Circulating Samizdat/Tamizdat Before 1989

Chapter 1. Ardis Facsimile and Reprint Editions: Giving Back Russian Literature
Ann Komaromi

Chapter 2. The Baltic Connection: Transnational Networks of Resistance after 1976
Fredrik Lars Stöcker

Chapter 3. Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty as the ‘Echo Chamber’ of Tamizdat
Friederike Kind-Kovács

Chapter 4. Contact Beyond Borders and Historical Problems: Kultura, Russian Emigration and the Polish Opposition
Karolina Ziolo-Puzuk

Section II: Diffusing Non-Conformist Ideas Through Samizdat/Tamizdat Before 1989

Chapter 5. “Free Conversations in an Occupied Country:” Cultural Transfer, Social Networking and Political Dissent in Romanian Tamizdat
Cristina Petrescu

Chapter 6. The Danger of Over-Interpreting Dissident Writing in the West: Communist Terror in Czechoslovakia, 1948-1968
Muriel Blaive

Chapter 7. Renaissance or Reconstruction? Intellectual Transfer of Civil Society Discourses Between Eastern and Western Europe
Agnes Arndt

Section III: Transforming Modes and Practices of Alternative Culture

Chapter 8. The Bards of Magnitizdat: An Aesthetic Political History of Russian Underground Recordings
Brian A. Horne

Chapter 9. Writing about apparently non-existent art: the tamizdat journal A-Ja and Russian unofficial arts in the 1970s-1980s
Valentina Parisi

Chapter 10. “Video Knows No Borders”: Samizdat Television and the Unofficial Public Sphere in “Normalized” Czechoslovakia
Alice Lovejoy

Section IV: Moving From Samizdat/Tamizdat To Alternative Media Today

Chapter 11. Postprintium? Digital literary samizdat on the Russian Internet
Henrike Schmidt

Chapter 12. Independent Media, Transnational Borders, and Networks of Resistance: Collaborative Art Radio between Belgrade (Radio B92) and Vienna (ORF)
Daniel Gilfillan

Chapter 13. “From Wallpapers to Blogs”: Samizdat and Internet in China
Martin Hala

Chapter 14. Reflections on the Revolutions in Europe: Lessons for the Middle East and the Arab Spring
Barbara J. Falk

Afterword
Jacques Rupnik

Selected Bibliography
Notes on Contributors

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