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On Retaliation

Towards an Interdisciplinary Understanding of a Basic Human Condition

Edited by Bertram Turner and G√ľnther Schlee

322 pages, 1 illus., 8 figures, 2 tables, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78533-418-4 $130.00/£92.00 Hb Published (March 2017)

eISBN 978-1-78533-419-1 eBook


Hb   Request a Review or Examination Copy (in Digital Format) Recommend to your Library Buy the ebook from these vendors

On Retaliation is impressive, exciting and full of insight. It will be a valuable and widely referred to contribution to academic scholarship and to policy formation in an extremely critical area of national and global concern.” · Andrew Arno, University of Hawai’i

Retaliation is associated with all forms of social and political organization, and retaliatory logics inform many different conflict resolution procedures from consensual settlement to compensation to violent escalations. This book derives a concept of retaliation from the overall notion of reciprocity, defining retaliation as the human disposition to strive for a reactive balancing of conflicts and injustices. On Retaliation presents a synthesized approach to both the violence-generating and violence-avoiding potentials of retaliation. Contributors to this volume touch upon the interaction between retaliation and violence, the state’s monopoly on legitimate punishment and the factors of socio-political frameworks, religious interpretations and economic processes.

Bertram Turner is an anthropologist and a senior researcher in the department ‘Law and Anthropology’ at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle, Germany. He has conducted extended field research in the Middle East and North Africa, Germany and Canada and has held university teaching positions in Munich, Leipzig and Halle and has published widely on the anthropology of law, religion, conflict, morality, development and resource extraction.

Günther Schlee is one of the Founding Directors of the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle, Germany. He conducted fieldwork in Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan, and was a guest lecturer in Padang (Sumatra) and at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science Sociales in Paris. Currently, he is one of the spokespersons of the International Max Planck Research School on Retaliation, Mediation and Punishment

Series: Volume 15, Integration and Conflict Studies
Subject: General Anthropology Peace & Conflict Studies
Area:

LC: GT6710 .O6 2017

BISAC: SOC002000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Anthropology/General

BIC: JHM Anthropology; GTJ Peace studies & conflict resolution




Contents

List of Figures and Tables
Acknowledgements

Introduction: On Retaliation: Conceptual Plurality, Transdisciplinary Research, Rifts, Blurrings and Translations
Bertram Turner

SECTION I: RETALIATION AND THE HUMAN NATURE: THE SEARCH FOR UNIVERSALITIES?

Chapter 1. Revenge and Retaliation: A Social-functionalist Approach
Mario Gollwitzer and Arne Sjöström

Chapter 2. In The Heart of the Moment: The Influence of Visceral Factors on Retaliation
Robert J. Bies and Thomas M. Tripp

SECTION II: RETALIATION IN PSYCHOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC ANALYSES OF CRIME AND DEVIANCE

Chapter 3. A Criminal is a Victim is a Criminal? An Economist’s View on the Victim-Offender Overlap
Horst Entorf

Chapter 4. Laypeople’s Reactions to Deviancy as Determined by Retributive Motives
Margit E. Oswald

SECTION III: RETALIATION AND PUNISHMENT: ENCOUNTER OF FORMAL AND INFORMAL NORMATIVITIES

Chapter 5. Violent Crimes and Retaliation in the European Criminal Justice System between the Seventeenth and Nineteen Centuries
Karl Härter

Chapter 6. Crime in Motion: Predation, Retaliation and the Spread of Urban Violence
Richard Wright, Volkan Topalli and Scott Jacques

SECTION IV: FAITH-BASED RETALIATION: SPIRITUALITY AND NORMATIVITY OF THE RETALIATORY GRAMMAR

Chapter 7. Crime and Punishment: Intentionality and Diya in Algeria and Sudan
Yazid Ben Hounet

Chapter 8. ‘Bewitched People and Bad Luck Everywhere!’ Disputing and Magical Retaliation in SiSwati-Speaking Southern Africa
Severin Lenart

SECTION V: RETALIATION IN NEGOTIATIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ORDERS

Chapter 9. Forum Shopping as Retaliation in Disguise: How Nomadic Fulbe Condemn Retaliation and Forum Shopping, but Practise Them Anyway
Albert K. Drent

Chapter 10. Customary Law and the Joys of Statelessness: Somali Realities beyond Libertarian Fantasies
Günther Schlee

SECTION VI: TRAVELLING MODELS OF RETALIATION: POST-CONFLICT SCENARIOS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW AND ON THE GROUND

Chapter 11. Retaliation in Postwar Times: An Analysis of the Rhetoric and Practices of Retaliation in Bamyan, Afghanistan, 2009
Friederike Stahlmann

Chapter 12. The International Criminal Court Reparation System: Punishment, Retaliation, Restoration
Pietro Sullo

Conclusion: Retaliation in Specific Spheres of Effectiveness
Bertram Turner

Index

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