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Nature Knowledge

Ethnoscience, Cognition, and Utility

Edited by Glauco Sanga and Gherardo Ortalli
Published in Association with the Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Venice.

484 pages, 34 figures, 23 tables, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-57181-822-5 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (November 2004)

ISBN  978-1-57181-823-2 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (November 2004)


Hb Pb   Recommend to your Library

"...the book is well-edited and most contributions are written comprehensively. It will certainly be useful to researchers with an interest in cognitive aspects of ethnopharmacology, but also ethnoscience in general."  ·  JRAI

Numerous scholars, in particular anthropologists, historians, economists, linguists, and biologists, have, over the last few years, studied forms of knowledge and use of nature, and of the ways nature can be protected and conserved. Some of the most prominent scholars have come together in this volume to reflect on what has been achieved so far, to compare the work carried out in the past, to discuss the problems that have emerged from different research projects, and to map out the way forward.

Glauco Sanga teaches at the Ca'Foscari University, Venice.

Gherardo Ortalli is the Academic Director of the Istituto Veneto.

Subject: Environmental Studies General Cultural Studies
Area:

BL: YC.2005.a.11443

BISAC: SCI026000 SCIENCE/Environmental Science; SOC002010 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Anthropology/Cultural

BIC: RN The environment; JFC Cultural studies




Contents

List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Preface and Acknowledgements
List of Abbreviations
List of Contributors

Introduction
Glauco Sanga

PART I: CLASSIFICATION

Recognition and Classification of Natural Kinds
Marta Maddalon

Chapter 1. How a Folk Botanical System can be both Natural and Comprehensive: One Maya Indian’s View of the Plant World
Brent Berlin

Chapter 2. Arbitrariness and Necessity in Ethnobiological Classification: Notes on some Persisting Issues
Roy Ellen

Chapter 3. Tackling Aristotelian Ethnozoology
Oddone Longo

Chapter 4. Current and Historical Problems in Classification: Levels and Associated Themes, from the Linguistic Point of View
John B. Trumper Discussion Edited by Gabriele Iannàccaro

PART II: NAMING

The Ways of Naming Nature and Through Nature
Glauco Sanga

Chapter 5. The Role of Motivation (“iconymy”) in Naming: Six Responses to a List of Questions
Mario Alinei

Chapter 6. Tapir and Squirrel: Further Nomenclatural Meanderings Toward a Universal Sound-symbolic Bestiary
Brent Berlin

Chapter 7. Jivaro Streams: from Named Places to Placed Names
Maurizio Gnerre

Chapter 8. What is Lost When Names are Forgotten?
Jane H. Hill

Chapter 9. Examples of Metaphors from Fauna and Flora
Giovan Battista Pellegrini

Chapter 10. Lexicalization of Natural Objects in Palawan
Nicole Revel

Chapter 11. Levels and Mechanisms of Naming
John B. Trumper

Discussion
Edited by Gabriele Iannàccaro

PART III: THOUGHT

The Symbolic Uses of Nature
Daniel Fabre

Chapter 12. Thought of Nature and Cosmology
Jean-Pierre Albert

Chapter 13. Symbolic Anthropology and Ethnoscience: Two Paradigms
Marlène Albert-Llorca

Chapter 14. Doing, Thinking, Saying
Giulio Angioni

Chapter 15. Thought, Knowledge, and Universals
Jack Goody

Chapter 16. Bodily Humors in the Scholarly Tradition of Hindu and Galenic Medicine as an Example of Naive Theory and Implicate Universals
Francis Zimmermann

Discussion
Edited by Gabriele Iannàccaro

PART IV: USE

How have We come to Use Nature, from a Practical Point-of-view?
Antonino Colajanni

Chapter 17. Indigenous Knowledge: Subordination and Localism
Giulio Angioni

Chapter 18. Indigenous Environmental Knowledge, the History of Science, and the Discourse of Development
Roy Ellen and Holly Harris

Chapter 19. Two Reflections on Ecological Knowledge
Tim Ingold

Chapter 20. Indigenous Knowledge and Cognitive Power
Pier Giorgio Solinas

Chapter 21. The Role of Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Facilitating Sustainable Approaches to Development
D. Michael Warren

Discussion
Edited by Gabriele Iannàccaro

PART V: CONSERVATION

What does it Mean to Conserve Nature?
Cristina Papa

Chapter 22. Random Conservation and Deliberate Diffusion of Botanical Species: Some Evidence out of the Modern European Agricultural Past
Mauro Ambrosoli

Chapter 23. Diversity, Protection, and Conservation: Local Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs
Laurence Bérard and Philippe Marchenay

Chapter 24. Cultural Research on the Origin and Maintenance of Agricultural Diversity
Stephen Brush

Chapter 25. Activation Practices, History of Environmental Resources, and Conservation
Diego Moreno

Chapter 26. Forms of Knowledge in the Conservation of Natural Resources: from the Middle Ages to the Venetian “Tribe”
Gherardo Ortalli

Discussion
Edited by Gabriele Iannàccaro

Index

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