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Making Sense of History
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Steps into Other Worlds
Edited by Jörn Rüsen, Michael Fehr, and Thomas W. Rieger
328 pages, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-57181-440-1 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (July 2005)
ISBN 978-1-84545-304-6 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (December 2006)
eISBN 978-1-78238-202-7 eBook
“…a highly readable and structured discussion about utopian thinking at the beginning of the 21st century…It is indeed fortunate that political scientists, historians, philosophers, art critics, and literary theorists have come together to share their thinking on utopia and utopian thought at this disastrous moment of human history, when many are asking if there is a future to which to look forward.” · European Legacy
After the breakdown of socialist and communist systems in the East, it had become fashionable to declare the so-called "end of utopia" ("end of history," "end of narratives"). The authors of this volume do not share this view but think that it is time to rehabilitate utopian thought. The political concept of Utopia that has given its name to these transcendental projections onto the world has been too narrow to describe and analyze the moving forces of the mind perceiving human existence beyond reality. By broadening the perspectives of utopian studies, these essays enable the reader to reconstruct scholarly paradigms and strategies of utopian, complex and holistic thinking in modern cosmology, philosophy, sociology, in literary, historical and political sciences, and to compare traditions and ways of Western utopian thought to the practice in the East.
Jörn Rüsen was Professor of Modern History at Universities Bochum and Bielefeld for many years. From 1994 to 1997 he was Director of the Center for Interdisciplinary Research (ZiF) at Bielefeld. Since 1997 he has been President of the Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities Essen (Kulturwissenschaftliches Institut). He specialises in theory and methodology of historical sciences, the history of historiography, intercultural aspects of historical thinking, theory of historical learning, and the history of human rights.
Michael Fehr has been Director of the Karl Ernst Osthaus-Museum of the City of Hagen, Germany, since 1987. Prior to that he was Assistant Professor at the Bergische Universität Wuppertal, and Deputy Director at the Art Museum of the City of Bochum. He has curated numerous exhibitions on contemporary art, cultural history and city planning, and, in the 1970s, created and organized for almost one decade the Kemnade International, a cultural festival for immigrant workers and their families in Germany. He has published extensively on contemporary art as well as on theory of museums. He teaches museology at University of Bonn.
Thomas W. Rieger studied Art History, Archeology, City Planning and History at Universities Bonn, Zürich, Berlin and Columbia University, New York. He has been working at Museum of Contemporary History Bonn (Stiftung Haus der Geschichte) from 1993 to 1998, and since 1999 at Karl Ernst Osthaus-Museum Hagen as co-curator of the exhibition project Museutopia - Steps Into Other Worlds (2002). He teaches Theory of Architecture at RWTH Aachen.
Subject: 20th Century History General Cultural Studies
Area: Central/Eastern Europe
List of Illustrations
Preface and Acknowledgements
Jörn Rüsen, Michael Fehr and Thomas W. Rieger
Chapter 1. The Necessity of Utopian Thinking: A Cross-National Perspective
Lyman Tower Sargent
PART I: POLITICS, CONSTRUCTION AND FUNCTIONS OF UTOPIAN THINKING
Chapter 2. Aspects of the Western Utopian Tradition
Chapter 3. Visions of the Future
Chapter 4. Utopia, Contractualism, Human Rights
Chapter 5. On the Construction of Worlds: Technology and Economy in European Utopias
PART II: ARTIFICIAL WORLDS AND THE 'NEW MAN'
Chapter 6. Bodies in Utopia and Utopian Bodies in Imperial China
Chapter 7. Science, Technology and Utopia: Perspectives of a Computer-Assisted Evolution of Humankind
Chapter 8. ‘Thinking about the Unthinkable’: The Virtual as a Place of Utopia
Chapter 9. Natural Utopianism in Everyday Life Practice – An Elementary Theoretical Model
PART III: MUSEUM AS UTOPIAN LABORATORY
Chapter 10. Haunted by Things: Utopias and Their Consequences
Chapter 11. Art – Museum – Utopia: Five Themes on an Epistemological Construction Site
Chapter 12. Art, Science, Utopia in the Early Modern Period
Chapter 13. Utopiary
PART IV: UTOPIA AS A MEDIUM OF CULTURAL COMMUNICATION
Chapter 14. The Utopian Vision, East and West
Chapter 15. Trauma: A Dystopia of the Spirit
Michael S. Roth
Chapter 16. From Revolutionary to Catastrophic Utopia
Chapter 17. The Narrative Staging of Image and Counter-Image: On the Poetics of Literary Utopias
Chapter 18. Rethinking Utopia: A Plea for a Culture of Inspiration
Notes on Contributors
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