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Bringing Culture to the Masses

Control, Compromise and Participation in the GDR

Esther von Richthofen

252 pages, 2 illus., 1 table, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-84545-458-6 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (March 2009)

eISBN 978-1-84545-894-2 eBook


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". this book's investigation of how culture worked at the local level adds to our understanding of the diversity within the East German system. In particular, its more nuanced view of cultural functionaries-the many types that existed and their personal motivations-offers a valuable contribution to current scholarship."  ·  German History

Richthofen’s work conveys with empathy the complex choices that characterised life in the GDR. [This] astutely argued, thought-provoking study is a worthy addition to the increasingly impressive body of research on the social and cultural life of ordinary East Germans.  ·  English Historical Review

In providing a multi-actor model for analyzing one area of policy and practice in the GDR, this book is a valuable contribution not only to the literature on that state but also to the methodological considerations of institutional and social history and organizational studies…Its accessibility in terms of excellent writing and clear argumentation also make[s] it an excellent text for both undergraduate and graduate classes in history and political science classes about models of communication and policy making.  ·  Central European History

Cultural life in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) was strictly controlled by the ruling party, the SED, who attempted to dictate how people spent their free time by prohibiting privately organized leisure time pursuits and offering instead cultural activities in state institutions and organizations. By exploring the nature of dictatorial rule in the GDR and analysing the population’s engagement with state-organized cultural activity, this book challenges the current assumptions about the GDR’s social and institutional history that ignore the interaction and inter-dependence between ‘rulers’ and ‘ruled’. The author argues that the people’s cultural life in the GDR developed a dynamic of its own; it was determined by their own interests and by the input of cultural functionaries, who often aimed to satisfy popular demands, even if they were at odds with the SED’s cultural policy. Gradually, these developments affected SED cultural policy, which in the 1960s became less focused on educationalist goals and increasingly oriented towards popular interests.

Esther von Richthofen grew up in Bonn, London and Brussels. For her undergraduate degree, she read Modern History at Oxford University. She did her M.A. and PhD at UCL and specialized in the history of the German Democratic Republic. She is currently employed as the personal assistant of the president of the Humboldt University in Berlin.

Series: Volume 24, Monographs in German History
Subject: Postwar History General Cultural Studies
Area: Germany Central/Eastern Europe

LC: DD286.3 .R55 200

BL: YC.2009.a.14441

BISAC: HIS037070 HISTORY/Modern/20th Century; HIS014000 HISTORY/Europe/Germany; POL038000 POLITICAL SCIENCE/Public Policy/Cultural Policy

BIC: HBJD European history; JFC Cultural studies




Contents

List of tables
Abbreviations
Acknowledgements

Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Nonconformity, Coercion and Alienation: the 1950s

PART I: BENDING THE RULES WHILE UPHOLDING THE STRUCTURES: CULTURAL FUNCTIONARIES

Chapter 3. Neither Puppets nor Opponents
Chapter 4. Organising Culture: Compromise and Communication

PART II: ATTEMPTED SELF-DETERMINATION - PURSUING AN INTEREST: THE PARTICIPANTS

Chapter 5. Patterns of Participation
Chapter 6. Communication with Cultural Functionaries

PART III: FROM UTOPIANISM TO PRAGMATISM: CULTURAL POLICY

Chapter 7. Responding to Developments at the Grassroots
Chapter 8. From Art to Culture
Chapter 9. Breakdown of Communication: the late 1970s and 1980s
Chapter 10. Conclusion

Bibliography
Index

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