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Holocaust Survivors

Resettlement, Memories, Identities

Edited by Dalia Ofer, Fran├žoise S. Ouzan, and Judy Tydor Baumel-Schwartz

356 pages, 6 tables and figs, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-0-85745-247-4 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (December 2011)

eISBN 978-0-85745-248-1 eBook


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This is a well-conceived volume that addresses a significant problem in the history of the Jews in the twentieth century - how survivors of the Holocaust resettled in many parts of the world, rebuilt (or failed to rebuild) their personal lives, and contributed (or did not contribute) to the development of Jewish communities and cultures in their new countries of residence. It is unique in both its interdisciplinary character and geographical scope.”  ·  David Engel, New York University

“…an important contribution to the evolving field of research on Jewish life in the aftermath of the Holocaust. Almost every chapter introduces new research on unexamined areas of postwar Jewish history… By framing the study in a broad comparative manner, the book is one of the first of its kind and will make for essential reading in the field.”  ·  Avinoam Patt, University of Hartford

Many books on Holocaust survivors deal with their lives in the Displaced Persons camps, with memory and remembrance, and with the nature of their testimonies. Representing scholars from different countries and different disciplines such as history, sociology, demography, psychology, anthropology, and literature, this collection explores the survivors’ return to everyday life and how their experience of Nazi persecution and the Holocaust impacted their process of integration into various European countries, the United States, Argentina, Australia, and Israel. Thus, it offers a rich mix of perspectives, disciplines, and communities.

Dalia Ofer is the Max and Rita Haber Professor of Holocaust and East European Studies (Emeritus) at the Avraham Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry and at the Melton Center for Jewish Education at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She has been a visiting professor at Harvard, Yale, the University of Maryland, and Stockton College. She is the author and editor of seven books and numerous articles on the daily life in Eastern European ghettos, rescue during the Holocaust, immigration to Palestine and Israel, and the memory of  the Holocaust in Israel. She received the Ben Zvi Award for Derech Bayam: Aliyah Bet Bitkufat Hashoah (Yad Ben Zvi 1988) and the Jewish Book Award for Escaping the Holocaust: Illegal Immigration to the Land of Israel (Oxford University Press 1992). Her edited volume (with Lenore J. Weitzman) Women in the Holocaust (Yale University Press 1998) was a finalist for the Jewish Book Award 2000. Recently, she edited (with Paula Hyman) the online Historical Encyclopedia of Jewish Women (Jewish Women Archives 2007).

Françoise S. Ouzan received a PhD in History from the Sorbonne; she was an Associate Professor at the University of Rheims prior to her current positions as Senior Researcher at the Goldstein-Goren Diaspora Research Center of Tel Aviv University, Associate Researcher at the French Research Center in Jerusalem (CRFJ/CNRS), and Lecturer at the International School for Holocaust Studies of Yad Vashem. Her major publications on displaced persons, anti-Semitism, and American Jewry include: Ces Juifs dont l'Amérique ne voulait pas (Complexe 1995);  Histoire des Américains juifs (André Versaille 2008); De la mémoire de la Shoah dans le monde juif (edited with Dan Michman, CNRS éditions 2008); and a historical novel, Demain, nous partons (Bibliophane 2007). She participated in the Dictionnaire de la Shoah (Larousse 2009) and in the documentary La vie après la Shoah (The Shoah's Aftermath) by F. Gillery (2009).

Judy Tydor Baumel-Schwartz is chair of the Graduate Program in Contemporary Jewry, Director of the Institute for Religious Zionism and Professor of Jewish History at Bar-Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel. She is the author of numerous books and articles and specializes in topics pertaining to the Holocaust, gender, memory, the State of Israel, and commemoration. Among her books are Double Jeopardy: Gender and the Holocaust (Vallentine Mitchell 1998) and Perfect Heroes: The World War II Parachutists and the Making of Collective Israeli Memory (Wisconsin University Press 2010).

Subject: Genocide Studies Jewish Studies
Area:

LC: D804.3.H654 2012

BL: YC.2012.a.18788

BISAC: SOC049000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Jewish Studies; HIS022000 HISTORY/Jewish; SOC026000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Sociology/General

BIC: HBTZ1 The Holocaust; JFSR1 Jewish studies




Contents

List of Figures and Tables
Preface

Introduction: Holocaust Survivors in their Countries of Resettlement: Time, Space, and Identities
Dalia Ofer, Françoise S. Ouzan, and Judy Tydor Baumel-Schwartz

Chapter 1. She’erith Ha-pletah - The Surviving Remnant: An Overview
Zeev Mankowitz

Chapter 2. Personal Identity and Gendered Identity of Women in the She’erit Ha-pletah as Determinants in their Rehabilitation, Immigration, and Resettlement
Judy Tydor Baumel-Schwartz

Chapter 3. Rebuilding Shattered Lives: Some Vignettes of Jewish Children’s Lives in Early Postwar Poland
Joanna B. Michlic

Chapter 4. Issues in Religious and Educational Reform in the Jewish Communities of Western Europe after World War II
David Weinberg

Chapter 5. The Post-Liberation French Administration and the Jews
Jean-Marc Dreyfus

Chapter 6. Mending the Body, Mending the Soul: Members of Youth Aliyah Take a Look at Themselves and at Others
Dalia Ofer

Chapter 7. Holocaust Survivors on Kibbutzim: Resettling Unsettled Memories
Micha Balf

Chapter 8. Holocaust Survivors in Israel: Time for an Initial Taking of Stock
Hannah Yablonka

Chapter 9. Rooting the Rootless: The Absorption of Holocaust Survivors in Israeli Rural Settlements
Ada Schein

Chapter 10. New Roots for the Uprooted: Shoah Survivors as Farmers in America
Françoise S. Ouzan

Chapter 11. Attitudes of the Jewish Community in Buenos Aires towards Holocaust Survivors, 1945–49
Leo Senkman

Chapter 12. Why We Chose Australia
Sharon Kangisser Cohen

Chapter 13. Jewish Shoah Survivors: Neediness Assessment and Resource Allocation
Sergio Della Pergola

Bibliography
Notes on Contributors
Index

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