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Final Sale in Berlin

The Destruction of Jewish Commercial Activity, 1930-1945

Christoph Kreutzm├╝ller
Translated from the German by Jane Paulick and Jefferson Chase

380 pages, 18 illus., 2 tables, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78238-812-8 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (August 2015)

ISBN  978-1-78533-512-9 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Not Yet Published (June 2017)

eISBN 978-1-78238-813-5 eBook

Hb Pb   Request a Review or Examination Copy (in Digital Format) Recommend to your Library Buy the ebook from these vendors

“Kreutzmüller's well written study deals with resistance offered by Berlin's Jews in the face of Hitler's legal machinery to destroy their economic selfreliance. The exhaustive research... abundant examples and case studies complement the data, making the book useful for both research and teaching.” ·Choice

“Christoph Kreutzmüller's book is vigorously researched, elegantly structured and well-written, and succeeds in providing new information on a subject already exhaustively studied, namely ‘Aryanization’ and the destruction of business, that extends beyond the borders of Berlin.” · H-Net

Before the Nazis took power, Jewish businesspeople in Berlin thrived alongside their non-Jewish neighbors. But Nazi racism changed that, gradually destroying Jewish businesses before murdering the Jews themselves. Reconstructing the fate of more than 8,000 companies, this book offers the first comprehensive analysis of Jewish economic activity and its obliteration. Rather than just examining the steps taken by the persecutors, it also tells the stories of Jewish strategies in countering the effects of persecution. In doing so, this book exposes a fascinating paradox where Berlin, serving as the administrative heart of the Third Reich, was also the site of a dense network for Jewish self-help and assertion.

Christoph Kreutzmüller is a curator of the new permanent exhibition of the Jewish Museum in Berlin. He has written extensively in the field of the Holocaust, economic and photographic history. His publications include National Economies: Volks-Wirtschaft, Racism and Economy in Europe between the Wars (2015, co-editor Michael Wildt and Moshe Zimmermann) and Fixiert: Fotografische Quellen zur Verfolgung und Ermordung der Juden in Europa (2016, with Julia Werner), forthcoming is Dispossession, Plundering German Jewry 1933-1953 (2017, co-editor with Jonathan Zatlin). Together with Hans-Christian Jasch he is currently preparing the first coherent analysis of the participants of the Wannsee-Conference, to be published next year by Berghahn Books.

Subject: Genocide Studies 20th Century History
Area: Germany

LC: DS134.255 .K7213 2015

BISAC: HIS043000 HISTORY/Holocaust; HIS037070 HISTORY/Modern/20th Century; HIS014000 HISTORY/Europe/Germany

BIC: HBTZ1 The Holocaust; HBLW 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000


List of Illustrations



Chapter 1. Berlin
Chapter 2. Economy
Chapter 3. Jewish Commercial Activity


Chapter 4. Violent Persecution
Chapter 5. Bureaucratic Persecution
Chapter 6. Voyeurs and Profiteers
Chapter 7. The Destruction of Jewish Commercial Activity


Chapter 8. Institutional Counter-Strategies
Chapter 9. Individual Counter-Strategies
Chapter 10. Emigration
Chapter 11. Case Studies


Chapter 12. The Deportation of Jewish Businesspeople



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