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Volume 1

Explorations in Culture and International History


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Culture and International History

Edited by Jessica C. E. Gienow-Hecht and Frank Schumacher

320 pages, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-57181-382-4 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (May 2003)

ISBN  978-1-57181-383-1 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (January 2004)

eISBN 978-1-78238-797-8 eBook


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“... expertly edited ... [this book] offers the reader an impressive, scholarly, seminal, thoughtful, and thought-provoking series of observations, assessments, and interpretations.”  · The Midwest Book Review

“Advocates of a linkage between cultural studies and international history will find much to interest them in this book...The role of culture in international history has increasingly been accepted in the academic community as a crucial topic of study. A new generation of scholars, in a challenge to more traditional historians, has posted its theses at Wittenberg. Let the debate continue, and the reformation begin."  · Journal of Cold War Studies

"Overall, this is a skilfully constructed collection which fulfils the ambitions of the editors in offering an insightful introduction to this emergent field. (It is also particularly useful in mediating the work of continental, and notably German, scholars to the Anglophone world.) ‘Culturalist’ work in international history has rejuvenated the sub- discipline and has created new opportunities for productive interdisciplinary interchange"  · European History Quarterly

Combining the perspectives of 18 international scholars from Europe and the United States with a critical discussion of the role of culture in international relations, this volume introduces recent trends in the study of Culture and International History. It systematically explores the cultural dimension of international history, mapping existing approaches and conceptual lenses for the study of cultural factors and thus hopes to sharpen the awareness for the cultural approach to international history among both American and non-American scholars.

The first part provides a methodological introduction, explores the cultural underpinnings of foreign policy, and the role of culture in international affairs by reviewing the historiography and examining the meaning of the word culture in the context of foreign relations. In the second part, contributors analyze culture as a tool of foreign policy. They demonstrate how culture was instrumentalized for diplomatic goals and purposes in different historical periods and world regions. The essays in the third part expand the state-centered view and retrace informal cultural relations among nations and peoples. This exploration of non-state cultural interaction focuses on the role of science, art, religion, and tourism. The fourth part collects the findings and arguments of part one, two, and three to define a roadmap for further scholarly inquiry. A group of" commentators" survey the preceding essays, place them into a larger research context, and address the question "Where do we go from here?" The last and fifth part presents a selection of primary sources along with individual comments highlighting a new genre of resources scholars interested in culture and international relations can consult.

Jessica C. E. Gienow-Hecht is Professor of History at the John F. Kennedy Institute for North American Studies at the Free University of Berlin.

Frank Schumacher is Assistant Professor of North American History at the University of Erfurt, Germany. He is the author of Kalter Krieg und Propaganda. Die USA, der Kampf um die Weltmeinung und die ideelle Westbindung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 1945-1955. He has published articles on 19th and 20th century North American diplomatic, military, cultural and environmental history and is currently at work on his second book entitled The American Way of Empire: the United States and the Quest for Imperial Identity,1880-1920.

Subject: General History General Cultural Studies
Area: Europe North America



Contents

List of Illustrations
Editors’ Preface
List of Contributors

PART I: METHODOLOGY

Introduction: On the Diversity of Knowledge and the Community of Thought: Culture and International History
Jessica C.E. Gienow-Hecht

Chapter 1. The Power of Culture in International Relations
Beate Jahn

PART II: CULTURE AND THE STATE

Chapter 2. The Great Derby Race: Strategies of Cultural Representation at Nineteenth-Century World Exhibitions
Wolfram Kaiser

Chapter 3. Manliness and “Realism”: The Use of Gendered Tropes in the Debates on the Philippine-American and Vietnam Wars
Fabian Hilfrich

Chapter 4. A Family Affair? Gender, the U.S. Information Agency, and Cold War Ideology, 1945-1960
Laura A. Belmonte

PART III: CULTURAL TRANSMISSION, NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PRIVATE INDIVIDUALS

Chapter 5. France and Germany after the Great War: Businessmen, Intellectuals and Artists in Non-Governmental European Networks
Guido Müller

Chapter 6. Small Atlantic World: U.S. Philanthropy and the Expanding International Exchange of Scholars after 1945
Oliver Schmidt

Chapter 7. Atlantic Alliances: Cross-Cultural Communication and the 1960s Student Revolution
Philipp Gassert

Chapter 8. Forecasting the Future: Future Studies as International Networks of Social Analysis in the 1960s and 1970s in Western Europe and the United States
Alexander Schmidt-Gernig

PART IV: COMMENTS AND CRITICISM OR WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE?

Chapter 9. Cultural Approaches to International Relations – A Challenge?
Volker Depkat

Chapter 10. States, International Systems, and Intercultural Transfer: A Commentary
Eckart Conze

Chapter 11. “Total Culture” and the State-Private Network: A Commentary
Scott Lucas

Chapter 12. Gender, Tropes, and Images: A Commentary
Marc Frey

Chapter 13. Internationalizing Ideologies: A Commentary
Seth Fein

PART V: ANNOTATED SOURCES

Chapter 14. The Invention of State and Diplomacy: The First Political Testament of Frederick III, Elector of Brandenburg (1698)
Volker Depkat

Chapter 15. The Rat Race for Progress: A Punch Cartoon of the Opening of the 1851 Crystal Palace Exhibition
Wolfram Kaiser

Chapter 16. Race and Imperialism: An Essay from the Chicago Broad Ax
Fabian Hilfrich

Chapter 17. A Document from the Harvard International Summer School
Scott Lucas

Chapter 18. Max Lerner’s “Germany HAS a Foreign Policy”
Thomas Reuther

Chapter 19. Excerpt from Johan Galtung’s “On the Future of the International System”
Alexander Schmidt-Gernig

Chapter 20. The “Children and War” Virtual Forum: Voices of Youth and International Relations
Marie Thorsten

Index

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