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Berghahn Monographs in French Studies
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Building a European Identity
France, the United States, and the Oil Shock, 1973-74
Aurélie Élisa Gfeller
242 pages, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-0-85745-225-2 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (July 2012)
ISBN 978-1-78238-688-9 $29.95/£21.00 Pb Published (December 2014)
eISBN 978-0-85745-227-6 eBook
“…this is a valuable addition to the existing literature on the impact of the October 1973 energy crisis on French national policy, the evolution of the European Community, and the nature of the transatlantic relationship.” · American Historical Review
“In contrast to most recent studies on the “Year of Europe,” Aurélie Gfeller has meticulously mapped the discussions at the Quai d’Orsay and used a variety of other French document collections as well as French newspapers.” · Diplomacy & Statecraft
“The author offers much new information…She deepens substantially our understanding of very difficult moments in European history [in the 1970s…through] a very lively and well documented presentation of French vigorous anti-American politics and of Kissinger’s rash, dubious, and aggressive judgments of French policies.” · Perspectivia.net
"Aurélie Gfeller’s text makes an original contribution to the analysis of French foreign policy making. A combination of archival research and clear prose sheds new light on the roots of nascent European political cooperation in the 1970s... She argues convincingly that, notwithstanding the short-lived nature of the Euro-Arab dialogue itself, this early chapter of European foreign policy cooperation bequeathed significant longer-term legacies for European policy coordination." · David Styan, Birkbeck College
“… a good piece of work. The author adds important new insights into a crucial period in the development of European integration and does so in a fashion that is not afraid to advance challenging and controversial arguments… While at heart a national study which adds importantly to our understanding of European policy making in Paris, Gfeller’s work is an exemplary piece of international historical research.” · Piers Ludlow, London School of Economics
“… an important contribution to understanding the evolution of French policy in the construction of Europe during a critical moment, 1973-74…. The approach is revisionist in the sense that it challenges previous interpretations of these years as essentially static ones in the construction of Europe, and France’s role as obstructing, or at least delaying progress toward a greater European voice in international relations.” · John Kim Munholland, University of Minnesota
The Arab-Israeli war of 1973, the first oil price shock, and France’s transition from Gaullist to centrist rule in 1974 coincided with the United States’ attempt to redefine transatlantic relations. As the author argues, this was an important moment in which the French political elite responded with an unprecedented effort to construct an internationally influential and internally cohesive European entity. Based on extensive multi-archival research, this study combines analysis of French policy making with an inquiry into the evolution of political language, highlighting the significance of the new concept of a political European identity.
Aurélie Élisa Gfeller is a Swiss National Science Foundation Ambizione research fellow and a visiting lecturer at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland.
Subject: Postwar History
Area: France North America
Acronyms and abbreviations
Chapter 1. Meeting the American Challenge: France and the Year of Europe
Chapter 2. Constructing a European Identity
Chapter 3. War in the Middle East. The Europeanization of France’s Arab Policy
Chapter 4. Kissinger, Jobert and the Oil Shock
Chapter 5. From a European Common Voice Towards Atlanticism?
Chapter 6. Building a Political Europe in a Changed International Context: Giscard and the Twin Summits of Paris and Martinique
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