Refugees and the Transformation of Societies
Agency, Policies, Ethics and Politics
Edited by Philomena Essed, Georg Frerks and Joke Schrijvers
248 pages, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-57181-866-9 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (June 2004)
ISBN 978-1-84545-033-5 $29.95/£21.00 Pb Published (April 2005)
eISBN 978-0-85745-708-0 eBook
The refusal or reception of refugees has had serious implications for the social policies and social realities of numerous countries in east and west. Exploring experiences, interpretations and practices of 'refugees,' 'the internally displaced' and 'returnees' in or emerging from societies in violent conflict, this volume challenges prevailing orthodoxies and encourages new developments in refugee studies. It also addresses the ethics and politics of interventions by professionals and policy makers, using case studies of refugees from or in South Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, Europe and the Americas. These illustrate the dynamic nature of situations where refugees, policy- makers and practitioners interact in trying to construct new livelihoods in transforming societies.
Without a proper understanding of this dynamic nature, so the volume argues overall, it is not possible to develop successful strategies for the accommodation and integration of refugees.
Philomena Essed is Senior Researcher, University of Amsterdam and Visiting Professor of Women's Studies, University of California, Irvine.
Georg Frerks is Professor of Disaster Studies, Rural Development Sociology Group, Wageningen University.
Joke Schrijvers is a Social Anthropologist, Emeritus Professor of Development Studies, University of Amsterdam.
Subject: Refugee & Migration Studies Development Studies Peace & Conflict Studies
List of Abbreviations
Introduction: Refugees, Agency and Social Transformation
Philomena Essed, Georg Frerks and Joke Schrijvers
PART I: 'REFUGEEHOOD': CLAIMING SPACES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Chapter 1. Refugeehood, Loss and Social Change: Eritrean Refugees and Returnees
Chapter 2. Repatriation: Angolan Refugees or Migrating Villagers?
Chapter 3. Space and Movement in the Sri Lankan Conflict
Chapter 4. Contested Refugee Status: Human Rights, Ethics and Social Responsibilities
Philomena Essed and Rianne Wesenbeek
PART II: REDEFINING IDENTITIES AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS
Chapter 5. A Life Project out of Turmoil: Displacement and Gender in Colombia
Chapter 6. Permanent Refugees: Female Camp Inhabitants in Bihar
Chapter 7. New Opportunities: Angry Young Men in a Tanzanian Refugee Camp
Chapter 8. Identities and the Sense of Belonging: Iranian Women Activists in Exile
PART III: DISCOURAGING POLICIES; EMPOWERING AGENCY
Chapter 9. A Community Empowered? The Bosnia Project in the U.K.
Chapter 10. Refugee-generated Return: the Case of Guatemala
Anita Rapone and Charles Simpson
Chapter 11. Between Victim and Agent: Women’s Ambivalent Empowerment in Displacement
PART IV: CHALLENGING DICHOTOMIES: RELIEF VERSUS DEVELOPMENT
Chapter 12. Refugees between Relief and Development
Chapter 13. Rethinking the Relation between Relief and Development: ‘Villagisation’ in Rwanda
Dorothea Hilhorst and Mathijs van Leeuwen
Chapter 14. Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid: Supporting Internal Refugees in Sri Lanka
Notes on Contributors
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