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Exploring Gypsiness

Power, Exchange and Interdependence in a Transylvanian Village

Ada I. Engebrigtsen

232 pages, 11 photos, 2 maps, 2 tables, bibliog, index

ISBN  978-1-84545-229-2 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (March 2007)

ISBN  978-1-84545-502-6 $29.95/£21.00 Pb Published (October 2007)

eISBN 978-0-85745-710-3 eBook


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Reviews

“[The author] successfully unpacks the grounds for exclusion and intermingling between ethnic identities and groups, revealing the dimensions of agency within the apparently fixed and unassailable ‘Roma’ category of being. The book facilitates critical thinking about the dense trilogy of identity, marginality, and poverty which work with Rom evokes.  ·  JRAI

"...a valuable book that makes a significant contribution to the discussion of interethnic relations in Romania and beyond...and addresses a multitude of intriguing questions in a competent mannter."  ·  Anthropos

Description

Romania has a larger Gypsy population than most other countries but little is known about the relationship between this group and the non-Gypsy Romanians around them. This book focuses on a group of Rom Gypsies living in a village in Transylvania and explores their social life and cosmology. Because Rom Gypsies are dependent on and define themselves in relation to the surrounding non-Gypsy populations, it is important to understand their day-to-day interactions with these neighbors, primarily peasants to whom they relate through extended barter. The author comes to the conclusion that, although economically and politically marginal, Rom Gypsies are central to Romanian collective identity in that they offer desirable and repulsive counter images, incorporating the uncivilized, immoral and destructive "other". This interdependence creates tensions but it also allows for some degree of cultural and political autonomy for the Roma within Romanian society.

Ada I. Engebrigtsen worked for 10 years in a rehabilitation program for Rom in Norway. The current book is based on 12 months fieldwork among Rom Gypsies and Romanians in Romania. She is a senior researcher at NOVA Norwegian social research, Oslo.

Subject: General Anthropology
Area: Central/Eastern Europe



Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements
Transcriptions, Pronunciations and Vocabulary

Introduction

PART I THE ROM WORLD

Chapter 1. Roma in the Romanian Figuration
Chapter 2. Cultivating and Harvesting Social Environment
Chapter 3. Gender, Shame and Honour
Chapter 4. Amari Familia: Belonging Together
Chapter 5. Competing for Equality
Chapter 6. Rom Leadership: Joska Bulibasa
Chapter 7. Romanimo: Towards a Rom Cosmology

PART II ROMA AS VILLAGERS

Chapter 8. Village Life, Peasant Cosmology
Chapter 9. Exchange and Power
Chapter 10. The Tigan as Signifier

Epilogue
Bibliography
Index

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