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Multidimensional Change in Sudan (1989–2011)
Reshaping Livelihoods, Conflicts and Identities
Edited by Barbara Casciarri, Munzoul A.M. Assal and François Ireton
392 pages, 23 illus., bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-78238-617-9 $110.00/£78.00 Hb Published (April 2015)
eISBN 978-1-78238-618-6 eBook
“It is unusual but refreshing to have a book on contemporary Sudan that does not fixate on the previous and/or ongoing violent conflicts in that country between the north and former southern region, now the independent nation South Sudan… Each contribution is lucid and informative, so those with a special interest in this newly reconstructed country will welcome this volume…Highly recommended.” · Choice
“There really is very little published on some of these topics, and genuine field research of the kind which has been conducted by [this] number of contributors is rare.” · Justin Willis, University of Durham
“This book brings together sixteen original, detailed field studies... [which] focus on localities across the northerly provinces of the Sudan as it was constituted [in 1989–2011]... The events and processes of this ‘interim period’ following the civil war have deep roots in the past of the whole region, and continuing relevance to ‘both Sudans’ today.” · Wendy James, University of Oxford
Based on fieldwork largely collected during the CPA interim period by Sudanese and European researchers, this volume sheds light on the dynamics of change and the relationship between microscale and macroscale processes which took place in Sudan between the 1980s and the independence of South Sudan in 2011. Contributors’ various disciplinary approaches—socio-anthropological, geographical, political, historical, linguistic—focus on the general issue of “access to resources.” The book analyzes major transformations which affected Sudan in the framework of globalization, including land and urban issues; water management; “new” actors and “new conflicts”; and language, identity, and ideology.
Barbara Casciarri is Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology, University Paris 8. She edited with A. M. Ahmed a special issue of Nomadic Peoples 13, 1 (2009), “Pastoralists under pressure in present-day Sudan” and with M. Van Aken a special issue of Journal des anthropologues 132-133 (2013), “Anthropology and Water(s).”
Munzoul A. M. Assal is Associate Professor of Social Anthropology and Deputy Director of the Peace Research Institute, University of Khartoum. Publications include Diaspora Within and Without Africa: Homogeneity, Heterogeneity, Variation (co-edited with Leif Manger, 2006), and forthcoming Fifty Years of Anthropology in the Sudan: Past, Present and Future (co-edited with Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil).
François Ireton is a Socio-Economist and Researcher at French National Center of Scientific Research, working in the Centre Jacques Berque, Rabat. He has co-edited Dynamiques de la pauvreté en Afrique du Nord et au Moyen Orient (2005) and L’Egypte au présent. Inventaire d’une société avant révolution (2011).
Subject: General Anthropology Development Studies
List of Illustrations
Notes on the Transliteration of Arabic Terms
List of Abbreviations
General Map of Sudan
Introduction: Multidimensional Change in Sudan 1989-2011: Insights from Fieldwork
Barbara Casciarri, Munzoul A.M. Assal and François Ireton
PART I: LAND ISSUES AND LIVELIHOODS IN THE CAPITAL REGION AND RURAL AREAS
Chapter 1. Old-timers and New-comers in Al-Ṣālḥa: Dynamics of Land Allocation in an Urban Periphery
Munzoul A.M. Assal
Chapter 2. Urban Agriculture Facing Land Pressure in Greater Khartoum: The Case of New Real Estate Projects in Tuti and Abū Seʿīd
Chapter 3. Access Strategies to Some Economic and Social Resources among Recent Migrants in the Outskirts of Khartoum : the Example of Bawga Al-Sharīg
Chapter 4. Contested Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Mornei (West Darfur): Scarcity of Resources or Crises of Governance?
Zahir M. Abdal-Kareem and Musa A. Abdul-Jalil
PART II: WATER RESOURCES AT THE CORE OF LOCAL AND GLOBAL INTERACTIONS
Chapter 5. Sudan’s Hydropolitics: Regional Chess Games, National Hegemony and Local Resistance
Chapter 6. Local Management of Urbanized Water: Exchanges among Neighbours, Household Actions and Identity in Deim (Khartoum)
Chapter 7. Domestic Water Supply and Management in Northern Kordofan Villages: Al-Loweib as an Example
Elsamawal Khalil Makki
Chapter 8. Water Management among pastoral Sudanese Pastoralists: End of the Commons or ‘Silent Resistance’ to Commoditization?
PART III: NEW ACTORS, NEW SPACES AND NEW IMAGINATION ON CONFLICTS
Chapter 9. Asian Players in Sudan: Social and Economic Impacts of ‘New-Old’ Actors
Chapter 10. Oil Exploration and Conflict in Sudan: the Predicament for Pastoralists in North-South Borderline States
Chapter 11. What Place in Khartoum for the Displaced? Between State Regulation and Individual Strategies
Agnès de Geoffroy
Chapter 12. Activist Mobilization and the Internationalization of the Darfur Crisis
Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert
PART IV: RESHAPING LANGUAGES, IDENTITIES AND IDEOLOGIES
Chapter 13. The Islamic Movement and Power in Sudan: From Revolution to Absorption into the State
Chapter 14. Language Policy and Planning in the Sudan: From Local Vernaculars to National Languages
Ashraf Abdelhay, Al-Amin Abu Manga and Catherine Miller
Chapter 15. ‘One Tribe, One Language’: Ethno-Linguistic Identity and Language Revitalization among the Laggorí in the Nuba Mountains
Chapter 16. Between Ideological Security and Intellectual Plurality: ‘Colonialism’ and ‘Globalization’ in Northern Sudanese Educational Discourses
Epilogue. A New Sudan?
Notes on Contributors
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