The End of the Refugee Cycle?
Refugee Repatriation and Reconstruction
Edited by Richard Black and Khalid Koser
288 pages, 3 maps, 11 tables, 3 diagrams, glossary, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-57181-987-1 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (January 1999)
ISBN 978-1-57181-715-0 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (January 1999)
eISBN 978-0-85745-718-9 eBook
Chosen by The Humanitarian Times as one of the Top Ten Titles on Humanitarian Issues of 1998
"Up-to-date material. Fills a fundamental gap in the literature which has tended to be based on pedagogical reasoning rather than actual field research." · Population Index
At the start of the 1990s, there was great optimism that the end of the Cold War might also mean the end of the "refugee cycle" - both a breaking of the cycle of violence, persecution and flight, and the completion of the cycle for those able to return to their homes. The 1990s, it was hoped, would become the "decade of repatriation." However, although over nine million refugees were repatriated worldwide between 1991 and 1995, there are reasons to believe that it will not necessarily be a durable solution for refugees. It certainly has become clear that "the end of the refugee cycle" has been much more complex, and ultimately more elusive, than expected. The changing constructions and realities of refugee repatriation provide the backdrop for this book which presents new empirical research on examples of refugee repatriation and reconstruction. Apart from providing up-to-date material, it also fills a more fundamental gap in the literature which has tended to be based on pedagogical reasoning rather than actual field research. Adopting a global perspective, this volume draws together conclusions from highly varied experiences of refugee repatriation and defines repatriation and reconstruction as part of a wider and interrelated refugee cycle of displacement, exile and return. The contributions come from authors with a wealth of relevant practical and academic experience, spanning the continents of Africa, Asia, Central America, and Europe.
Richard Black is Lecturer in Human Geography at the School of African and Asian Studies, University of Sussex, where he moved in 1995 from King's College, London.
Khalid Koser is Research Fellow in the School of African and Asian Studies, University of Sussex and was previously Research Fellow in the Migration Research Unit at University College, London.
Subject: Refugee & Migration Studies General Anthropology
LC: HV640 .E5 1999
BISAC: SOC007000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Emigration & Immigration; SOC002010 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Anthropology/Cultural
BIC: JFFN Migration, immigration & emigration; JHMC Social & cultural anthropology, ethnography
List of Tables
List of Figures
List of Abbreviations
PART I: REFUGEE REPATRIATION AND RECONSTRUCTION
Chapter 1. The End of the Refugee Cycle?
Khalid Koser and Richard Black
Chapter 2. Researching Repatriation and Reconstruction: Who is Researching What and Why?
PART II: MASS REPATRIATION OF REFUGEES
Chapter 3. Revisiting a ‘Repatriation Success’: The Case of Cambodia
Marita Eastmond and Joakim Öjendal
Chapter 4. Repatriation and Reconstruction: The Case Of Afghanistan
Chapter 5. Contradictions and Control in Repatriation: Negotiations for the Return of 500,000 Eritrean Refugees
Lucia Ann McSpadden
Chapter 6. Repatriation from South Africa to Mozambique – Undermining Durable Solutions?
PART III: THE COMPLEXITY OF REPATRIATION
Chapter 7. Repatriation from the European Union to Bosnia-Herzegovina: the Role of Information
Martha Walsh, Richard Black and Khalid Koser
Chapter 8. The Point of No Return: The Politics of the Swiss Tamil Repatriation Agreement
Chapter 9. The ‘Self’ in Self-Repatriation: Closing Down Mugunga Camp, Eastern Zaire
Chapter 10. From ‘Refugee’ to ‘Repatriate’: Russian Repatriation Discourse in the Making
Hiliary Pilkington and Moya Flynn
PART IV: FROM REPATRIATION TO RECONSTRUCTION?
Chapter 11. Why Angolan Soldiers Worry about Demobilisation and Reintegration
Art Hansen and David Tavares
Chapter 12. Repatriation and Everyday Forms of State Formation in Guatemala
Chapter 13. Examining the Discourse of Repatriation: Towards a More Proactive Theory of Return Migration
Notes on Contributors
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