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Racism in the Modern World

Historical Perspectives on Cultural Transfer and Adaptation

Edited by Manfred Berg and Simon Wendt

384 pages, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-0-85745-076-0 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (April 2011)

ISBN  978-1-78238-085-6 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (December 2013)

eISBN 978-0-85745-077-7 eBook


Hb Pb   Request a Review or Examination Copy (in Digital Format) Recommend to your Library Buy the ebook from these vendors

"This volume ranges widely and creatively across time and space not only to investigate the history of racism, but also to interrogate its connections with related but distinct forms of oppression and subjugation. In almost every instance, the essays here reach a very high level—much higher than is typical for volumes of this kind."  ·  Christopher Leslie Brown, Columbia University

Emphasizing the global nature of racism, this volume brings together historians from various regional specializations to explore this phenomenon from comparative and transnational perspectives. The essays shed light on how racial ideologies and practices developed, changed, and spread in Europe, Asia, the Near East, Australia, and Africa, focusing on processes of transfer, exchange, appropriation, and adaptation. To what extent, for example, were racial beliefs of Western origin? Did similar belief systems emerge in non-Western societies independently of Western influence? And how did these societies adopt and adapt Western racial beliefs once they were exposed to them? Up to this point, the few monographs or edited collections that exist only provide students of the history of racism with tentative answers to these questions. More importantly, the authors of these studies tend to ignore transnational processes of exchange and transfer. Yet, as this volume shows, these are crucial to an understanding of the diffusion of racial belief systems around the globe.

Manfred Berg is Curt Engelhorn Professor of American History at the University of Heidelberg. From 1992 to 1997, he was a research fellow at the German Historical Institute in Washington, D.C. From 2003 to 2005, he served as the executive director of the Center for USA-Studies at the Leucorea in Wittenberg. Berg is a specialist in the history of the African American civil rights movement and race relations and has published numerous books and articles on American and international history. His latest titles include Popular Justice: A History of Lynching in America (Chicago 2011) and Globalizing Lynching History (co-edited with Simon Wendt, Palgrave 2011)

Simon Wendt is assistant professor of American Studies at the University of Frankfurt. He is the author of The Spirit and the Shotgun: Armed Resistance and the Struggle for Civil Rights (Gainesville, 2007). He is currently working on a history of the Daughters of the American Revolution.

Subject: General History
Area:

LC: HT1521.R4185 2011

BL: SPIS305.8

BISAC: HIS000000 HISTORY/General

BIC: HB History




Contents

Introduction
Manfred Berg and Simon Wendt

Chapter 1. The Racialization of the Globe: Historical Perspectives
Frank Dikötter

Chapter 2. How Racism Arose in Europe and Why It Did Not in the Near East
Benjamin Braude

Chapter 3. Culture's Shadow: “Race” and Postnational Belonging in the Twentieth Century
Christian Geulen

Chapter 4. Racism and Genocide
Boris Barth

Chapter 5. Slavery and Racism in Nineteenth-Century Cuba
Michael Zeuske

Chapter 6. Towards a Transnational History of Racism: Wilhelm Marr and the Interrelationships between Colonial Racism and German Anti-Semitism
Claudia Bruns

Chapter 7. Transatlantic Anthropological Dialogue and “the other”: Felix von Luschan’s Research in America, 1914–1915
John David Smith

Chapter 8. Transits of Race: Empire and Difference in Philippine-American Colonial History
Paul A. Kramer

Chapter 9. Interrogating Caste and Race in South Asia
Gita Dharampal-Frick and Katja Götzen

Chapter 10. The Making of a “Ruling Race”: Defining and Defending Whiteness in Colonial India
Harald Fischer-Tiné

Chapter 11. Glocalising “Race” in China: Concepts and Contingencies a the Turn of the Twentieth Century
Gotelind Müller-Saini

Chapter 12. Race without Supremacy: On Racism in the Political Discourse of Late Meiji Japan, 1890–1912
Urs Zachmann

Chapter 13. Hendrik Verwoerd’s Long March to Apartheid: Nationalism and Racism in South Africa
Christoph Marx

Chapter 14. The “Right Kind of White People”: Reproducing Whiteness in the United States and Australia, 1780s–1930s
Gregory D. Smithers

Chapter 15. Race and Indigeneity in Contemporary Australia
A. Dirk Moses

Notes on Contributors
Selected Bibliography

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