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From Weimar to Hitler
Studies in the Dissolution of the Weimar Republic and the Establishment of the Third Reich, 1932-1934
Edited by Hermann Beck and Larry Eugene Jones
508 pages, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-78533-917-2 $140.00/£100.00 Hb Published (November 2018)
eISBN 978-1-78533-918-9 eBook
“This excellent, accessible volume will be of great interest to scholars and informed readers looking to gain new insight into the topic of Hitler’s seizure and consolidation of power.” • Barry Jackisch, University of Saint Francis
Though often depicted as a rapid political transformation, the Nazi seizure of power was in fact a process that extended from the appointment of the Papen cabinet in the early summer of 1932 through the Röhm blood purge two years later. Across fourteen rigorous and carefully researched chapters, From Weimar to Hitler offers a compelling collective investigation of this critical period in modern German history. Each case study presents new empirical research on the crisis of Weimar democracy, the establishment of the Nazi dictatorship, and Hitler’s consolidation of power. Together, they provide multiple perspectives on the extent to which the triumph of Nazism was historically predetermined or the product of human miscalculation and intent.
Hermann Beck is Professor of History at the University of Miami. He is the author of Conservatives, Bureaucracy, and the Social Question in Prussia, 1815-1870 (1995), and The Fateful Alliance: German Conservatives and Nazis in 1933 (2008).
Larry Eugene Jones is Professor of Modern European History at Canisius College in Buffalo, New York. He is the author of German Liberalism and the Dissolution of the Weimar Party System, 1918-1933 (1988), and Hitler versus Hindenburg (2015).
Subject: 20th Century History
List of Abbreviations
Introduction: The Nazi Seizure of Power in Historical and Historiographical Perspective
Hermann Beck and Larry Eugene Jones
Chapter 1. Taming the Nazi Beast: Kurt von Schleicher and the End of the Weimar Republic
Larry Eugene Jones
Chapter 2. Ausnahmezustand, Staatsnotstandsplan, and Ermächtigungsgesetz: Reappraising Carl Schmitt’s Political Constitutionalism and the Demise of Weimar
Joseph W. Bendersky
Chapter 3. Ludwig Kaas and the End of the German Center Party
Chapter 4. The Nazi Seizure of Power in Bavaria and the Demise of the Bavarian People’s Party
Chapter 5. German Big Business and the Nazi Revolution, 1933–34
Chapter 6. Violence against ‘Ostjuden’ in the Spring of 1933 and the Reaction of German Authorities
Chapter 7. The SA in the Gleichschaltung: The Context of Power and Violence
Bruce B. Campbell
Chapter 8. Nationalist Socialism against National Socialism?: Perceptions of Nazism and Anti-Nazi Strategies in the Circle of the Neue Blätter für den Sozialismus, 1930–34
Chapter 9. Nationalism, Socialism, and Organized Labor’s Response to the Dissolution of the Weimar Republic
William L. Patch, Jr.
Chapter 10. From Collegiality to the Führerprinzip: The 1933 Introduction of the Episcopacy in the Hamburg Landeskirche
Chapter 11. Friedrich von Bodelschwingh and the Protestant Appeasement of the Nazi Regime, 1933–34
Chapter 12. In Search of Allies: Catholic Conservatives, the Alliance of Catholic Germans, and the Nazi Regime, 1933–34
Larry Eugene Jones and Kevin P. Spicer
Chapter 13. German Youth between Euphoria and Resistance: Political Coercion and the Coordination of German Youth
Chapter 14. “German Youth, Your Leader!”: How National Socialism Entered Elementary Schools in 1933
Conclusion: Reaffirming the Value of Political History
Hermann Beck and Larry Eugene Jones
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