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Fascism without Borders

Transnational Connections and Cooperation between Movements and Regimes in Europe from 1918 to 1945

Edited by Arnd Bauerk√§mper and Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe

384 pages, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78533-468-9 $130.00/£92.00 Hb Published (April 2017)

eISBN 978-1-78533-469-6 eBook


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“A welcome contribution to the growing literature on fascism as a transnational phenomenon during the era of the two world wars. Based on much innovative new research, a notably multinational group of European scholars offers illuminating insights on a wide variety of topics involving interaction among fascists across national borders. All students of fascism will learn from this book.” · David D. Roberts, University of Georgia

It is one of the great ironies of the history of fascism that, despite their fascination with ultra-nationalism, its adherents understood themselves as members of a transnational political movement. While a true “Fascist International” has never been established, European fascists shared common goals and sentiments as well as similar worldviews. They also drew on each other for support and motivation, even though relations among them were not free from misunderstandings and conflicts. Through a series of fascinating case studies, this expansive collection examines fascism’s transnational dimension, from the movements inspired by the early example of Fascist Italy to the international antifascist organizations that emerged in subsequent years.

Arnd Bauerkämper is a Professor of Modern European History at the Freie Universität Berlin. His publications include Der Faschismus in Europa, 1918-1945 (2006) and Das umstrittene Gedächtnis. Die Erinnerung an Nationalsozialismus, Faschismus und Krieg in Europa seit 1945 (2012).

Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe is a Postdoctoral Researcher and Guest Lecturer at the Freie Universität Berlin. He is the recipient of the Kagan Fellowship from the Jewish Claims Conference, the Harry Frank Guggenheim scholarship, and several other awards. He is the author of Stepan Bandera—The Life and Afterlife of a Ukrainian Nationalist: Fascism, Genocide, and Cult (2014).

Subject: 20th Century History
Area: Europe



Contents

List of Abbreviations

Introduction: Fascism without Borders. Transnational Connections and Cooperation between Movements and Regimes in Europe, 1918 – 1945
Arnd Bauerkämper and Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe

Chapter 1. Transnational Fascism: The Fascist New Order, Violence, and Creative Destruction
Artistotle Kallis

Chapter 2. Corporatist Connections: The Transnational Rise of the Fascist Model in Interwar Europe
Matteo Pasetti

Chapter 3. Organizing Leisure: Extension of Propaganda into New Realms by the Italian and British Fascist Movements
Anna Lena Kocks

Chapter 4. The Brotherhood of Youth’ – A Case Study of the Ustaša and Hlinka Youth Connections and Exchanges
Goran Miljan

Chapter 5. The Estado Novo and Portuguese-German Relations in the Age of Fascism
Cláudia Ninhos

Chapter 6. Inter-Fascist Conflicts in East Central Europe: The Nazis, the “Austrofascists”, the Iron Guard, and the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe

Chapter 7. Fascist Poetry for Europe. Transnational Fascism and the Case of Robert Brasillach
Marleen Rensen

Chapter 8. Native Fascists, Transnational Anti-Semites: The International Activity of Legionary Leader Ion I. Moţa
Raul Cârstocea

Chapter 9. Italian Fascism from a Transnational Perspective: The Debate on the New European Order (1930 – 1945)
Monica Fioravanzo

Chapter 10. The Nazi “New Europe”. Transnational Concepts of a Fascist and Völkisch Order for the Continent
Johannes Dafinger


Chapter 11. Communist Anti-Fascism and Transnational Fascism: Comparisons, Transfers, Entanglements
Kasper Braskén

Chapter 12. Antifascism in Europe: Networks, Exchanges, and Influences. The Case of Silvio Trentin in Toulouse and in the Resistenza in Veneto (1926 – 1944)
Silvia Madotto

Chapter 13. German and Italian Democratic Socialists in Exile: Interpretations of Fascism and Transnational Aspects of Resistance in the Sopade and Giustizia e Libertà
Francesco Di Palma

Afterword: Between Cooperation and Conflict. Perspectives of Historical Research on Transnational Fascism
Arnd Bauerkämper

Index

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