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Ethnographies of Conservation
Environmentalism and the Distribution of Privilege
Edited by David G. Anderson and Eeva Berglund
242 pages, 4 maps, 4 figs, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-57181-464-7 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (February 2003)
ISBN 978-1-57181-696-2 $29.95/£21.00 Pb Published (November 2004)
eISBN 978-0-85745-674-8 eBook
"This is an excellent collection of articles…All are clearly written and any of them could be used in undergraduate teaching. Moreover, the range of case studies is impressively global…The articles all exhibit a good capacity to provoke…The result is an enjoyable book that is likely to be useful to teachers, students and practitioners of environmentalism."
Anthropologists know that conservation often disempowers already under-privileged groups, and that it also fails to protect environments. Through a series of ethnographic studies, this book argues that the real problem is not the disappearance of "pristine nature" or even the land-use practices of uneducated people. Rather, what we know about culturally determined patterns of consumption, production and unequal distribution, suggests that critical attention would be better turned on discourses of "primitiveness" and "pristine nature" so prevalent within conservation ideology, and on the historically formed power and exchange relationships that they help perpetuate.
David G. Anderson is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Aberdeen.
Eeva Berglund was Lecturer in Anthropology at Goldsmiths College from 1998 to 2002 and has written on the anthropology and history of environmental politics.
Subject: Environmental Studies General Anthropology
Introduction: Towards an Ethnography of Ecological Underprivilege
E. Berglund and D. Anderson
Chapter 1. Nature as Contested Terrai: Conflicts over Wilderness Protection and Local Livelihoods in Rio San Juan, Nicaragua
Chapter 2. Pitfalls of Synchronicity: A Case Study of the Caiçaras in the Atlantic Rainforest of South-eastern Brazil
Chapter 3. The Environment at the Periphery: Conflicting Discourses on the Forest in Tanimbar, Eastern Indonesia
N. Frost and R. Wrangham
Chapter 4. Protest, Conflict and Litigation: Dissent or Libel in Resistance to a Conservancy in North-West Namibia
Chapter 5. Environmentalism in the Syrian Badia: The Assumptions of Degradation, Protection and Bedouin Misuse
Chapter 6. "Ecocide and Genocide": Explorations of Environmental Justice in Lakota Sioux Country
Chapter 7. Promoting Consumption in the Rainforest: Global Conservation in Papua New Guinea
Chapter 8. "We still are Soviet People": Youth Ecological Culture in the Republic of Tatarstan and the Legacy of the Soviet Union
Chapter 9. The Ecology of Markets in Central Siberia
Chapter 10. Contrasting Landscapes, Conflicting Ontologies: Assessing Environmental Conservation on Palawan Island, The Philippines
Chapter 11. Ecologism as an Idiom in Amazonian Anthropology
Notes on Contributors
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