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Immanent Anthropologists, Transcendent Natives, and Unbounded Categories
312 pages, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-57181-219-3 $34.95/£27.95 Pb Published (December 1999)
"In this study, the author displays an astonishing knowledge of the field, an outstanding command of the literature and a most remarkable width of scope." · The Journal of Indo-European Studies
"... a timely and useful addition to current discussions on the topic." · American Anthropologist
"This is the best book on conceptualizing religion that I have come across for many years. All issues related to the definition of religion are dealt with extensively and in depth, without losing sight of the contribution of the author himself." · Bijdragen, tijdschrift voor filosofie en theologie
How might we transform a folk category - in this case religion - into a analytical category suitable for cross-cultural research? In this volume, the author addresses that question. He critically explores various approaches to the problem of conceptualizing religion, particularly with respect to certain disciplinary interests of anthropologists. He argues that the concept of family resemblances, as that concept has been refined and extended in prototype theory in the contemporary cognitive sciences, is the most plausible analytical strategy for resolving the central problem of the book. In the solution proposed, religion is conceptualized as an affair of "more or less" rather than a matter of "yes or no," and no sharp line is drawn between religion and non-religion.
Benson Saler is Professor of Anthropology at Brandeis University and a former Interim Vice PResident of the Anthropology of Religion Section of the American Anthropological Association. He has carried out ethnographic fieldwork in Guatemala, Colombia, Venezuela, and the United States. His current research is largely dircted to certain aspects of "popular culture" in the United States.
Subject: Religion Theory & Methodology in Anthropology
Chapter 1. Abjuring a Definition and Other Matters
Chapter 2. Holding a Definition in Abeyance and a Case for a Definition
Chapter 3. Monothetic Definitions
Chapter 4. More on Monothetic Definitions
Chapter 5. Multi-factorial Approaches: Family Resemblance and Polythesis
Chapter 6. A Prototype Approach
Chapter 7. Ethnocentrism and Distanciation
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