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Muted Memories: Heritage-Making, Bagamoyo, and the East African Caravan Trade

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Muted Memories

Heritage-Making, Bagamoyo, and the East African Caravan Trade

Jan Lindström

398 pages, 17 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78920-172-7 $135.00/£99.00 Hb Published (August 2019)

eISBN 978-1-78920-173-4 eBook

Hb View cartYour country: United States - Click here to remove geolocation   Buy the eBook! $34.95 Request a Review or Examination Copy (in Digital Format) Recommend to your Library Available in GOBI®


“This work is a substantial contribution to an improved interpretation of the commercial activities that linked Central and East Africa historically. Recommended.” • Choice

“This a unique case study of a contemporary process of heritagization in Bagamoyo, Tanzania… [and] at the same time an impressive in-depth historical account.” • Ruy Llera Blanes, University of Gothenburg


In the late nineteenth century, tens of thousands of porters carried ivory every year from the African interior to Bagamoyo, a port town at the Indian Ocean. In the opposite direction, they carried millions of meters of cloth, manufactured in the USA, Europe, and India. This book examines the centrality of the caravan trade, both culturally and economically, to Bagamoyo’s development and cosmopolitan character, while also exploring how this history was silenced when Bagamoyo was instead branded as a slave route town in 2006 in an attempt to qualify it for the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Jan Lindström is a teacher and researcher in social anthropology at the School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg. From 1980-1990 he held the post of Senior Anthropologist at the Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre, Ministry of Health, and from 1996-2002 he was Socio-Cultural Analyst at the Swedish Embassy in Tanzania.

Subject: General Anthropology General Cultural Studies Development Studies
Area: Africa


List of Illustrations
List of Maps and Figures


Part I: Heritage-Making, Branding, and Globalization

Chapter 1. Bagamoyo: A History of Practices, Principles, and Partnership in Heritage-Making
Chapter 2. Heritage-Making: The 2002 International Conference
Chapter 3. Fractures in the Image of Bagamoyo: Despair or Joy?
Chapter 4. World Heritage and Globalization: The Bagamoyo Case

Part II: Commerce, Competition, and Consumerism: Bagamoyo and the Caravan Trade

Chapter 5. Entrepreneurs and Explorers from the Heart of Africa
Chapter 6. Pawned, Preyed Upon, Purchased, or Punished: Slaves and Slavery in Nineteenth-Century East Africa
Chapter 7. Conflicts and Clashes in the Competition over the Caravan Trade on the Central Routes
Chapter 8. Bagamoyo and the Caravan Trade: The Entrance to the Heart of Africa
Chapter 9. Old Bagamoyo
Chapter 10. Fluid Identities: Politics of Identity in Multicultural Bagamoyo
Chapter 11. Conspicuous Competitive Consumption and Communication by Means of Cloth
Chapter 12. Intruders and Terminators: The End of the Story


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