MAP 6.1 | Moving vehicles in the 1950s photographs marked on the dot map. The Tuomiokirkkosilta Bridge is the rightmost bridge with traffic, and Aninkaistenkatu is the street leading north from it. Notice how bicycles greatly outnumber motor vehicles in all but a few locations. Map: Tiina Männistö-Funk.
MAP 6.2 | Moving vehicles in 1960s photographs on a dot map. Map: Tiina Männistö-Funk.
MAP 6.3 | Moving vehicles in 1970s photographs on a dot map. Comparing this map to maps 6.1. and 6.2, we see that the differing number and geographic locations of photographs over the decades make it impossible to draw a direct numerical comparison. However, we can analyze the shifting modal relations and the changes occurring in different locations. Here, we see the earlier busy bicycle node of Tuomiokirkkosilta bridge dominated by motorized modes. Hämeenkatu street (the street with a lot of traffic in this map, leading out of the center on the right) still shows bicycle traffic but has also been turned into a motorized traffic corridor. Map: Tiina Männistö-Funk.
MAP 6.4 | Pedestrians and moving vehicles from the 1950s photographs on a dot map. Notice, for example, the Hämeenkatu street, leading out of the grid-plan area on the right, dominated by female pedestrians and bicycles. Map: Tiina Männistö-Funk.
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Explorations in Mobility
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A U-Turn to the Future
Sustainable Urban Mobility since 1850
Edited by Martin Emanuel, Frank Schipper, and Ruth Oldenziel
350 pages, 20 illustrations, bibliog., index, instructor's guide
ISBN 978-1-78920-559-6 $135.00/£99.00 Hb Published (February 2020)
eISBN 978-1-78920-560-2 eBook
Instructor Guide available to accompany the text.
“This is the book I’ve been waiting to read: an investigation into how our cities came to be as unsustainable as they apparently were in the recent past. It uncovers hidden histories containing important clues for how to make cities more sustainable in the future.” • Daniel Gordon, Edge Hill University
“The entire book is innovative, accessible, and well-written, with an interdisciplinary approach that combines history, sociology, economics, geography, and a number of other fields.” • Keith Laybourn, University of Huddersfield
From local bike-sharing initiatives to overhauls of transport infrastructure, mobility is one of the most important areas in which modern cities are trying to realize a more sustainable future. Yet even as politicians and planners look ahead, there remain critical insights to be gleaned from the history of urban mobility and the unsustainable practices that still impact our everyday lives. United by their pursuit of a “usable past,” the studies in this interdisciplinary collection consider the ecological, social, and economic aspects of urban mobility, showing how historical inquiry can make both conceptual and practical contributions to the projects of sustainability and urban renewal.
Martin Emanuel is a historian of technology affiliated with the Department of Economic History, Uppsala University with a profile on mobility, urban, and tourism history. He is the author of Trafikslag på undantag: Cykeltrafiken i Stockholm 1930–1980 [Excluded through Planning: Bicycle Traffic in Stockholm 1930–1980] (2012) and co-author of Cycling Cities: The European Experience (2016).
Frank Schipper is a historian of technology and an independent scholar specializing in mobility and infrastructure studies. He is the author of Driving Europe: Building Europe on Roads in the Twentieth Century (2008) and, most recently, co-author of Cycling Cities: The Rotterdam Experience (2019).
Ruth Oldenziel is a professor in the History Division of the Technology, Innovation, and Society Department at Eindhoven University of Technology, where she heads the research program “Sustainable Urban Mobility, 1880s-Present.” She has published widely in the areas of American, transatlantic, gender, and technology studies, most recently as co-author of the volumes Cycling Cities: The European Experience (2016) and Engineering the Future, Understanding the Past (2017).
Subject: Mobility Studies History (General) Urban Studies Transport Studies
Introduction: Historicizing Sustainable Urban Mobility
Frank Schipper, Martin Emanuel, and Ruth Oldenziel
SECTION I: SELLING UNSUSTAINABLE URBAN MOBILITY
Chapter 1. Designing (Un)Sustainable Urban Mobility from Transnational Settings, 1850–Present
Ruth Oldenziel, M. Luísa Sousa, and Pieter van Wesemael
Chapter 2. History as Motordom’s Tool of Agenda Legitimation: Twentieth-Century U.S. Urban Mobility Trajectories
Chapter 3. Railway Modernism Losing Out: Lessons from an English Conurbation, 1955–1975
SECTION II: RECOVERING SUSTAINABLE MOBILITIES OF THE PAST
Chapter 4. Pedestrian Stories: Recovering Sustainable Urban Mobility
Chapter 5. Load Story: A Century of Pedestrian Logistics in Toulouse
Franck Cochoy, Roland Canu, and Cédric Calvignac
Chapter 6. Recovering Sustainable Mobility Practices: A Visual History of Turku’s Streetscape 1950–1980
SECTION III: PERSISTENCE AND SUSTAINABLE URBAN MOBILITIES
Chapter 7. State Socialism and Sustainable Urban Mobility: Alternative Paths in St Petersburg since the 1880s
Alexandra Bekasova, Julia Kulikova, and Martin Emanuel
Chapter 8. Liveable Streets and Hidden Unsustainability: The Biography of a Street in Stockholm
Chapter 9. Green Urban Spaces and Sustainable Mobility: Parks as Pockets of Persistence since the 1830s
SECTION IV: RESEARCH AGENDAS FOR THE FUTURE
Chapter 10. Mobility Justice and the Velomobile Commons in Urban America
Chapter 11. Toward a Long-Term Measurement System of Sustainable Urban Mobility
Appendix: Sources for Measuring Historical Sustainable Mobility
Jan-Pieter Smits and Frank Veraart
Epilogue: Reflections from a Policy Perspective
Hans Jeekel and Bert Toussaint
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