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Frustrated Aspirations for Change
Edited by Mark Donovan and Paolo Onofri
308 pages, tables, bibliog.
ISBN 978-1-84545-638-2 $59.95/£47.95 Pb Published (February 2009)
Uncertainty about the future of the government and strong anti-political sentiment dominated Italian politics in 2007. Following a government crisis in February, rooted in the question of Italy’s role in Afghanistan, Prime Minister Romano Prodi was able to re-establish his coalition, but in the spring it suffered a clear setback in local elections amidst a climate of growing unpopularity. Initial chapters in this volume analyse these events as well as some important initiatives aimed, in different ways, at containing public disaffection towards the political class: the establishment of the Democratic Party, the electoral referendum campaign, and Silvio Berlusconi’s announcement of the birth of a new, center-right political party. As demonstrated in following chapters, the government did still manage to achieve a degree of success during the year in combating tax evasion and reducing the budget deficit as a result of increased tax revenue and more effective control of public expenditure. A number of redistributive goals were achieved in this way, as the volume’s examination of government social policy makes clear. Final chapters complete the picture of the state of Italian society in a year characterized by a fragile government facing a number challenging issues subject to veto: the liberalization program and the uncompleted introduction of fiscal federalism, the ever-challenging management of the national health system, the role of the Bank of Italy, the relationship with the Catholic Church and the legislation on de facto couples, crime and security.
Mark Donovan teaches Politics in the School of European Studies, Cardiff University where he has specialized in the study of Italian politics. His most recent publication is a co-edited special issue of Modern Italy (November 2008) on “The Centre in Italian Politics.”
Paolo Onofri teaches Economics at the University of Bologna. His most recent publications with Il Mulino include: I mercati finanziari internazionali. Nino Andreatta e la politica economica (2006).
Subject: History: 20th Century to Present
Area: Southern Europe
List of Abbreviations
Chronology of Italian Political Events, 2007
Compiled by Rinaldo Vignati
Introduction: Instability, Anti-politics, and Frustrated Aspirations for Change
Mark Donovan and Paolo Onofri
Chapter 1. The Birth of the Democratic Party
Chapter 2. The Center-Right: Conflict, Unity, and Permanent Mobilization
Chapter 3. The 2007 Local Elections: Between Stability and Rhetoric
Chapter 4. The Campaign for the Electoral Referendum and the Prospects for Reform
Chapter 5. Foreign Policy: The Difficult Pursuit of Influence
Chapter 6. The Reform of the Supervisory Bodies: The Bank of Italy’s New Role
Chapter 7. Liberalization Interrupted
Chapter 8. Health, Fiscal Federalism, and Local Public Services
Massimo Bordignon and Gilberto Turati
Chapter 9. The Social Policy of the Center-Left Government
Massimo Baldini and Paolo Bosi
Chapter 10. Civil Unions and Political Divisions
Chapter 11. Windshield Washers, Gutter Punks, Roma, Robbery, and Graffiti: What Is Insecurity in Italy Today?
Compiled and edited by Debora Mantovani
About the Editors and Contributors
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