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Dance and Performance Studies
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24 Bars to Kill
Hip Hop, Aspiration, and Japan's Social Margins
Andrew B. Armstrong
204 pages, 11 illus., bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-78920-267-0 $135.00/£99.00 Hb Published (June 2019)
eISBN 978-1-78920-268-7 eBook
“This excellent and fascinating ethnography will stand the test of time and will provide useful material for those who want to understand important ideas of Japanese sub-cultures and how they intersect with local, national and global trends over time.” • Roger Goodman, Nissan Professor of Modern Japanese Studies, University of Oxford
The most clearly identifiable and popular form of Japanese hip-hop, “ghetto” or “gangsta” music has much in common with its corresponding American subgenres, including its portrayal of life on the margins, confrontational style, and aspirational “rags-to-riches” narratives. Contrary to depictions of an ethnically and economically homogeneous Japan, gangsta J-hop gives voice to the suffering, deprivation, and social exclusion experienced by many modern Japanese. 24 Bars to Kill offers a fascinating ethnographic account of this music as well as the subculture around it, showing how gangsta hip-hop arises from widespread dissatisfaction and malaise.
Andrew B. Armstrong teaches anthropology at Bridgewater State University. He holds a doctorate from Boston University.
Subject: Performance Studies General Anthropology General Cultural Studies
List of Figures
Note on Language
Introduction: A Hip Hop Introduction to Other Japans
Chapter 1. Down in the Ghetto
Chapter 2. Hypermasculinity and Ghetto/Gangsta Authenticity
Chapter 3. Represent JP Koreans! Ethnic Identity in Zainichi Hip Hop
Chapter 4. Rapping for the Nation
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