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Early Industrial Development in Sweden and Russia, 1600-1900
Edited by Maria Ågren
368 pages, 2 maps, 1 table, 17 ills, index
ISBN 978-1-57181-955-0 $135.00/£99.00 Hb Published (March 1998)
eISBN 978-1-78238-803-6 eBook
"[The results of the Russian-Swedish research team] are presented an exemplary fashion and rigorously edited ... Whoever is interested in the industrial development of European economy and society should read this book." · Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte
"... very well written, clearly arranged and interesting and easy to read ... an important study." · Eva Österberg, Professor of History, University of Lund.
The title of this book has a double meaning: on the one hand, it deals with two very different societies both of which made iron in the early modern period. On the other hand, iron "made" these societies: the needs of iron production and the resistance to these demands from local peasant communities gave the societies a special kind of cohesion and rationality.
This volume presents the findings of a joint team of Swedish and Russian scholars examining the social organization of work in early modern iron industry and their respective societies. The comparison was carried out against the backdrop of the international discussion on proto-industrialization, its prerequisites and consequences. There has, however, been a certain bias in much of that debate, the focus being mainly on Western Europe, particularly on Britain, and on textile trades. This book offers an important contribution to the debate in that it widens the perspective by discussing Northern and Eastern Europe and by studying the iron industry. More particularly it examines actual production processes, the organization of work, social conflict, questions of ownership and its evolution, as well as the diffusion and organization of technical knowledge. The comparative approach is consistently applied throughout, with each chapter closely integrating the results relating to the two selected geographical areas, thus showing ways of solving some of the problems arising from comparative history.
Maria Ågren teaches in the Department of History at Uppsala University