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Crime, Jews and News

Vienna 1890-1914

Daniel Mark Vyleta

266 pages, 20 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-84545-181-3 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (January 2007)

ISBN  978-0-85745-593-2 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (December 2011)

eISBN 978-0-85745-594-9 eBook


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“Vyleta raises an interesting question in what is a most thoroughly researched and wittily written book, and part of what he says about the conscious, instrumental use, or otherwise, of antisemitic discourse is very well taken.” · Patterns of Prejudice

“… an important contribution that balances previous interpretations of “modern” ritual murder accusations. The sensational cases that arose in places such as Tisza-Eszla´r, Xanten, Konitz, and Polna were not simply a product of local tensions or age-old myths, they were also episodes largely driven by a modern (or modernizing) mass media.” · European History

“This gripping book delves into juicy details of crime reporting in fin-de-siècle Vienna with the aim of challenging common assumptions about late nineteenth-century anti-Semitism. It is an original and thought-provoking contribution to Viennese and Jewish history as well as to the history of criminology and popular journalism…By challenging well-worn assumptions about anti-Semitism, this engaging book invites historians to rethink the origins of Nazism; and by uncovering scholarly and popular anxieties about the manipulation of truth, it provides a great deal of food for thought for intellectual historians.” · European History Quarterly

“Vyleta’s book is compelling, well-researched and clearly argued, and it makes a valuable addition to the historiography of Austria, Jewish culture, media and crime.” · Cultural and Social History

“…a welcome reminder to be careful in drawing conclusions about the degree and extent of anti-Semitism within Vienna with the hindsight knowledge of the history of the Third Reich and the Shoah.” · Historical Journal

“The book, which relies on hundreds of case studies reported on in newspapers and journals, is extremely well researched…This innovative, interesting book offers new insight into the popularity and character of antisemitism and criminology in turn-of-the-century Vienna. It provides a nuanced explanation of the intersections of the popular knowledge of crime with criminology and of the ways in which crime and trial reporting were used for antisemitic purposes.” · H-German

“…an extremely interesting…[and] important book about antisemitism in Vienna. Daniel Vyleta is to be commended for a job well done.” · Journal of Contemporary History

“Vyleta’s book presents a successful and enriching contribution to the history of fin-de-siècle Vienna. Through the innovative use of criminology and criminal justice he reveals new facets of a seemingly exhaustively treated topic.” · Sehepunkte

“…engaging and well-written..” · Journal of Modern History

“Richly illustrated and despite theoretical excurses into criminology well and fluently written, Vyleta’s book is excellently suited to underline the thesis that the analysis of political and journalistic strategies and their context very often still offers a more convincing explanatory model than abstractions of ideological or cultural ‘images’.” · Historische Zeitschrift

“…an intellectually stimulating book.” · Shofar

“Vyleta’s cautiously revisionist study is a welcome addition to the literature on turn-of-the century Vienna, and should prompt further investigation.” · Journal of Jewish Studies

Crimes committed by Jews, especially ritual murders, have long been favorite targets in the antisemitic press. This book investigates popular and scientific conceptualizations of criminals current in Austria and Germany at the turn of the last century and compares these to those in the contemporary antisemitic discourse. It challenges received historiographic assumptions about the centrality of criminal bodies and psyches in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century criminology and argues that contemporary antisemitic narratives constructed Jewish criminality not as a biologico-racial defect, but rather as a coolly manipulative force that aimed at the deliberate destruction of the basis of society itself. Through the lens of criminality this book provides new insight into the spread and nature of antisemitism in Austria-Hungary around 1900. The book also provides a re-evaluation of the phenomenon of modern Ritual Murder Trials by placing them into the context of wider narratives of Jewish crime.

Daniel Mark Vyleta was educated in Germany, the USA and England. He holds a PhD in History from King's College, University of Cambridge. Currently, he serves as Assistant Professor in Foreign Languages and Literature at the University of Wisconisn-Milwaukee.

Series: Volume 8, Austrian and Habsburg Studies
Subject: Jewish Studies 18th/19th Century History Media Studies
Area: Germany Central/Eastern Europe

LC: HV6194.J4 V95 2007

BL: YC.2007.a.8941

BISAC: HIS022000 HISTORY/Jewish; HIS040000 HISTORY/Europe/Austria & Hungary

BIC: JFSR1 Jewish studies; HBJD European history




Contents

Acknowledgements
List of Illustrations
List of Tables

Introduction

Chapter 1. Scientific Tales of Criminality
Chapter 2. Jewish Criminals
Chapter 3. Paper Trials
Chapter 4. Jewish Crimes
Chapter 5. The Hilsner Ritual Murder Trials

Conclusions

Bibliography
Index

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