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Shaping the Transnational Sphere

Experts, Networks and Issues from the 1840s to the 1930s

Edited by Davide Rodogno, Bernhard Struck and Jakob Vogel

320 pages, 2 illus., 4 tables, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78238-358-1 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (December 2014)

eISBN 978-1-78238-359-8 eBook


Hb   Request a Review or Examination Copy (in Digital Format) Recommend to your Library Buy the ebook from these vendors

“In this cohesive volume of essays on a wide range of transnational movements in the European context, the editors and authors, from a range of national backgrounds, bring together social scientific and historical approaches to the study of transnational dynamics…The essays, covering all of these topics, are wideranging but also focused on the central themes laid out in the introduction. The volume as a whole makes important contributions to a historical understanding of transnationalism.” · Women & Social Movements in the US

“This is an excellent collection which brings together up-to-date scholarship on internationalism, intellectual transfers and the role of experts therein. It sheds light on the creation of transnational networks and international organizations, and on the individuals or ideas that sustained them….Driven by substantial primary research, the manuscript offers fresh insights and adds flesh to the broader conceptual discussions on ‘transnational history’.” · Daniel Laqua,  Northumbria University

“This is an excellent volume in almost every respect….It is an original contribution to the rapidly growing number of books dealing with transnational movements with a focus on social reform movements. It stretches beyond World War I and includes the period up to the 1930s, when every form of internationalism and all transnational movements were in a deep crisis. With ‘experts’ and ‘networks’ important themes of various fields of modern historiography are treated.” · Martin Geyer, LMU Munich

In the second half of the nineteenth century a new kind of social and cultural actor came to the fore: the expert. During this period complex processes of modernization, industrialization, urbanization, and nation-building gained pace, particularly in Western Europe and North America. These processes created new forms of specialized expertise that grew in demand and became indispensible in fields like sanitation, incarceration, urban planning, and education. Often the expertise needed stemmed from problems at a local or regional level, but many transcended nation-state borders. Experts helped shape a new transnational sphere by creating communities that crossed borders and languages, sharing knowledge and resources through those new communities, and by participating in special events such as congresses and world fairs.

Davide Rodogno is Professor of International History at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. His publications include Fascism’s European Empire (2005) and Against Massacre (2011).

Bernhard Struck is Reader in Modern History and Director of the Centre for Transnational History at the University of St Andrews, Scotland. He is the author of Nicht West – nicht Ost. Frankreich und Polen in der Wahrnehmung deutscher Reisender, 1750–1850 (2006) and, with Claire Gantet, of Revolution, Krieg und Verflechtung. Deutsch-Französische Geschichte 1789-1815 (2008).

Jakob Vogel is Professor of European History at the Centre d’Histoire, Sciences Po, Paris. His publications include Ein schillerndes Kristall. Das Salz im Wissenswandel zwischen Frühneuzeit und Moderne (2008) and he edited, with Ralph Jessen, Wissenschaft und Nation in der europäischen Geschichte (2002); and, with Pascale Laborier, Frédéric Audren and Paolo Napoli, Les sciences camérales. Activités pratiques et histoire des dispositifs publics (2011).

Series: Volume 14, Contemporary European History
Subject: 18th/19th Century History 20th Century History
Area:

LC: JZ1320.S535 2014

BISAC: HIS037060 HISTORY/Modern/19th Century; HIS037070 HISTORY/Modern/20th Century; POL011000 POLITICAL SCIENCE/International Relations/General

BIC: HBLL Modern history to 20th century: c 1700 to c 1900; HBLW 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000




Contents

List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Acknowledgements
List of Contributors

Introduction
Davide Rodogno, Bernhard Struck and Jakob Vogel

PART I: EXPERTS

Chapter 1. Professionalism or Proselytism? Catholic “Internationalists” in the Nineteenth Century
Vincent Viaene

Chapter 2. Sanitizing the City: Transnational Work and Networks of French Sanitary Engineers, 1890s-1930s
Stéphane Frioux

Chapter 3. Policy Communities and Exchanges across Borders: The Case of Workplace Accidents at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
Julia Moses

Chapter 4. The Rise of Coordinated Action for Children in War and Peace: Experts at the League of Nations, 1924-1945
Dominique Marshall

PART II: NETWORKS

Chapter 5. Building a Transnational Network of Social Reform in the Nineteenth Century
Chris Leonards and Nico Randeraad

Chapter 6. The Politics of Expertise: The Association Internationale pour le Progrès des Sciences Sociales, Democratic Peace Movement and International Law Networks in Europe, 1858-1873
Christian Müller

Chapter 7. The Road from Damascus: Transnational Jewish Philanthropic Organizations and the Jewish Mass Migration from Eastern Europe, 1840–1914
Tobias Brinkmann

Chapter 8. From Peace Advocacy to International Relations Research: The Transformation of Transatlantic Philanthropic Networks, 1900-1930
Katharina Rietzler

PART III: ISSUES

Chapter 9. Transnational Cooperation and Criminal Policy. The Prison Reform Movement 1820s to 1950s
Martina Henze

Chapter 10. International Congresses of Education and the Circulation of Pedagogical Knowledge in Western Europe, 1880-1914
Damiano Matasci

Chapter 11. From Transnational Reformist Network to International Organization: The International Associations for Labour Legislation and the International Labour Organization, 1900-1930s
Sandrine Kott

Chapter 12. Shaping Poland: Relief and Rehabilitation Programmes Undertaken by Foreign Organizations, 1918-1922
Davide Rodogno, Francesca Piana and Shaloma Gautier

Select Bibliography
Index

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