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Series
Volume 17

Fertility, Reproduction and Sexuality: Social and Cultural Perspectives


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Childbirth, Midwifery and Concepts of Time

Edited by Christine McCourt
with a foreword by Ronnie Frankenberg

272 pages, 7 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-84545-586-6 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (September 2009)

ISBN  978-1-84545-294-0 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (August 2010)

eISBN 978-0-85745-542-0 eBook


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NOMINATED FOR THE CAR PRIZE FOR THE MOST NOTABLE RECENT EDITED COLLECTION DEVOTED TO THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION

“In this fascinating, scholarly, and readable book the authors take us into our familiar worlds and make them strange, with the result that we can see clearly, with fresh, critical, and creative eyes, what goes on in our everyday world. Each of the chapters helps us see how differently time can be experienced and framed.” · Anthropology in Action

“While concerns regarding imposition of timeframes on pregnancy, labour and birth may be familiar to researchers and  practitioners, McCourt’s book adds a cultural dimension to its critique that is frequently neglected in this debate… This book is a must-read for midwives and academics as well as midwifery, medical and social sciences students.” · The Practising Midwife

“This book is consistently well written, the ethnographic data are rich, and anthropological concepts and perspectives are successfully used to provide important insights into the meaning of time in relation to childbirth.” · Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute

Childbirth is an eurudite and lively collection of writings by some of the most creative and innovative authors around on the theme of time and childbirth. Drawing on anthropological and sociological perspectives, the authors have created a unique praxis which embodies theory and ethnographic empirical work. Chris McCourt has created a truly original book which will be on the ‘must read’ list for scholars, practitioners and all those with an interest in the meaning of birth in society today.” · Jane Sandall, Professor of Social Sciences & Women's Health, King's College

“This is a fascinating and thought-provoking book which provides rich insights into the meaning of time in relation to childbirth. Although time is central to the way that childbirth is viewed and 'managed', its significance has been largely ignored. This book fills this gap, drawing on a wealth of cross cultural studies undertaken by midwives and anthropologists, to explore how differing constructions of time affect the experiences of women and childbirth attendants. It provides an original and critical analysis, which will be of interest to childbirth practitioners and researchers as well as to the wider social science research community.” · Billie Hunter, Professor of Midwifery, Swansea University

“In this fascinating, scholarly and very readable book the authors, as they have done in their work, take us into our familiar worlds and make them strange, so that we can see more clearly, with fresh critical and more creative eyes, what goes on in our everyday world. Every chapter helps us see how differently time can be experienced and framed.” · Lesley Page, Visiting Professor in Midwifery Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery King's College London

All cultures are concerned with the business of childbirth, so much so that it can never be described as a purely physiological or even psychological event. This volume draws together work from a range of anthropologists and midwives who have found anthropological approaches useful in their work. Using case studies from a variety of cultural settings, the writers explore the centrality of the way time is conceptualized, marked and measured to the ways of perceiving and managing childbirth: how women, midwives and other birth attendants are affected by issues of power and control, but also actively attempt to change established forms of thinking and practice. The stories are engaging as well as critical and invite the reader to think afresh about time, and about reproduction.

Christine McCourt studied for her degree and doctorate in social anthropology at the London School of Economics. Her doctoral work, an ethnographic study of the closure of a long-stay psychiatric hospital, was explicitly intended to be ‘applied anthropology’. From 2006 to 2010 she was Professor of Anthropology and Health, at Thames Valley University and she is now Professor of Maternal and Child Health at City University London. Her research and teaching is mainly focused on culture and organisation of biomedicine, maternal and infant care, and social and cultural issues affecting women’s health.

Subject: Medical Anthropology
Area:

LC: GN482.1 .C55 2009

BL: YK.2010.a.6902

BISAC: SOC002000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Anthropology/General; HEA041000 HEALTH & FITNESS/Pregnancy & Childbirth

BIC: PSXM Medical anthropology; JHBF Sociology: birth




Contents

List of Figures

Foreword
Ronnie Frankenberg

Acknowledgements

Introduction

PART I: HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL CONTEXT

Chapter 1. From Tradition to Modernity: Time and Childbirth in Historical Perspective
Christine McCourt and Fiona Dykes

Chapter 2. Cosmologies, Concepts and Theories: Time and Childbirth in Cross-cultural Perspective
Christine McCourt

PART II: TIME AND CHILDBIRTH PRACTICES

Chapter 3. Counting Time in Pregnancy and Labour
Soo Downe and Fiona Dykes

Chapter 4. The Progress of Labour: Orderly Chaos?
Clare Winter and Margie Duff

Chapter 5. Time and Midwifery Practice
Trudy Stevens

Chapter 6. "Waiting on Birth": Management of Time and Place in a Birth Centre
Denis Walsh

Chapter 7. Management of Time in Aboriginal and Northern Midwifery Settings
Gisela Becker

PART III: TIME AND CHILDBIRTH EXPERIENCES

Chapter 8. Narrative Time: Stories, Childbirth and Midwifery
Ólöf Ólafsdóttir and Mavis Kirkham

Chapter 9. How Long Have I Got? Time in Labour: Themes from Women's Birth Stories
Christine McCourt

Chapter 10. "Feeding All the Time": Women's Temporal Dilemmas around Breastfeeding in Hospital
Fiona Dykes

Chapter 11. Living with "Uncertainty": Women's Experience of Breastfeeding in the Current Japanese Social Context
Naoko Hashimoto

Conclusion

Notes on Contributors
Index

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