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New Regionalism and Asylum Seekers

Challenges Ahead

Edited by Susan Kneebone and Felicity Rawlings-Sanaei

256 pages, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-84545-344-2 $120.00/£85.00 hb Published (October 2007)


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Taking the context of forced migration, this book addresses the role that regional, in contrast to national or global, institutions and relationships play in shaping asylum policies and procedures. It examines the causes of forced migration movements; the direction of forced migration flows and its effect upon the immediate region; policy responses towards forced migration (in particular ASEAN and the European Community); cooperative arrangements and agreements between regional states; and the protection of human rights. The book also considers the role that regional responses are likely to play in determining the direction of asylum policy in receiving states and procedures in the future.

Susan Kneebone is an Associate Professor in the Law Faculty of Monash University where she teaches Citizenship and Migration Law and International Refugee Law and Practice. In May 2003 she was a Senior Visiting Research Fellow at the Refugee Studies Centre in Oxford.

Felicity Rawlings-Sanaei is a Research Fellow at the Monash Institute for the Study of Global Movements, Monash University.

Series: Volume 20, Forced Migration
Subject: Refugee & Migration Studies General Anthropology
Area:

LC: HV640 .N48 2007

BL: YC.2008.a.3150

BISAC: SOC007000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Emigration & Immigration; SOC002000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Anthropology/General

BIC: JFFD Refugees & political asylum; JHM Anthropology




Contents

List of Tables
List of Contributors
Acknowledgements

Introduction: Regionalism as a Response to a Global Challenge
Susan Kneebone and Felicity Rawlings-Sanaei

  • Old regionalism: development of the international refugee protection system
  • The 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention
  • The Cartagena Declaration
  • The Comprehensive Plan of Action
  • New Regionalism: UNHCR’s Convention Plus and Agenda for Protection

Chapter 1. The Migration–Asylum Nexus and Regional Approaches
Stephen Castles

  • Introduction
  • What is the migration–asylum nexus?
  • Notes for a political economy of forced migration
  • Regional responses
  • Conclusion

Chapter 2. Strategies, Stories and Smuggling: Inter-regional Asylum Flows and Their Implications for Regional Responses
Khalid Koser

  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • The impact of asylum and immigration policies and procedures
  • The role of social networks
  • The growing significance of smuggling
  • Implications of regional responses

Chapter 3. Forced Migration, Engineered Regionalism and Justice between States
Matthew J. Gibney

  • Introduction
  • History
  • The need for justice amongst states
  • The commodification objection
  • Conclusion

Chapter 4. The Europeanization of Refugee Policy
Joanne van Selm

  • Introduction
  • What do we mean by Europe?
  • How does Europe relate to the Refugees Convention refugee ‘policy regime’?
  • What distinctions are there in national refugee policies across Europe?
  • The European level: a Europeanized refugee policy?
  • The future: a Europeanized refugee policy?
  • Conclusion

Chapter 5. Europeanization of Citizenship and Asylum Policy: a Case Study of the U.K.
Nazila Ghanea

  • Introduction
  • EU policies on free movement, citizenship and nationality: the 1992 Maastricht Treaty and 1997 Amsterdam Treaty
  • Free movement, citizenship, nationality and the development of EU asylum policy
  • EU laws and policies and the impact of such on the situation of asylum in the U.K.

Chapter 6. North American Responses: a Comparative Study of U.S. and Canadian Refugee Policy
François Crepéau and Stephen H. Legomsky

  • Introduction
  • The Canadian refugee process
  • The United States refugee process
  • Canada–U.S. cooperation on immigration and border control issues
  • Conclusion

Chapter 7. Australia, Indonesia and the Pacific Plan
Susan Kneebone and Sharon Pickering

  • Introduction
  • Australia’s refugee policy: from the CPA to Tampa
  • Indonesia and the Pacific Strategy
  • Protection under the Pacific Strategy
  • Conclusion

Chapter 8. New Regionalisms, New Migrations and New Regulations in Africa: Asylum Seekers, Diasporas and Development at the Start of a New Century
Timothy M. Shaw

  • Introduction
  • Migrations and globalizations in Africa
  • Migrations and the ‘new’ Africas
  • ‘New’ regionalisms and contemporary migration
  • Towards ‘new’ African regime(s) for migration at the start of the twenty-first century?
  • New security dilemmas
  • Implications for analysis and policy

Chapter 9. Regionalism, Human Rights and Forced Migration
Colin Harvey

  • Introduction
  • International refugee law and human rights protection
  • Global, regional and national interactions
  • Conclusion

Chapter 10. Conclusion: Challenges Ahead
Susan Kneebone

Index

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