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Volume 23

Fertility, Reproduction and Sexuality: Social and Cultural Perspectives


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Islam and Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Sunni and Shia Perspectives

Edited by Marcia C. Inhorn and Soraya Tremayne

346 pages, 4 tables and figures, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-0-85745-490-4 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (July 2012)

ISBN  978-1-78533-045-2 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (September 2015)

eISBN 978-0-85745-491-1 eBook


Hb Pb   Request a Review or Examination Copy (in Digital Format) Recommend to your Library Buy the ebook from these vendors

“It is to the editors’ credit that they have been able to harness these diverse angles in such a way that the whole in fact emerges as more than its parts. ARTs and the problem of third-party donation within Islam speak to more overarching issues of policy, modernity, gender, rights, and social change… In its sensitivity to discrepancies between norms and practice, the volume not only contributes knowledge to the field of ARTs and procreative practices more generally, indicating a socio-political religious complexity that is not easily disentangled. It also and perhaps more importantly enhances our knowledge of Islam, while encouraging a continual comparative perspective.”  ·  The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute

Readers looking for an overview of the different policies and perspectives on assisted reproductive technology (ART) will discover many interesting facets to these issues in the Middle East…Students of assisted reproductive technology in Europe and America will also find much to learn from in this book. The chapter that compares the Catholic hierarchy’s response to ART issues with those of Muslim leaders gives a fresh perspective to the longstanding debates…  It is fascinating to read about another religious tradition, just as rich as Catholicism, being used creatively to respond to new situations unforeseen by earlier leaders.  ·  Conscience

This pioneering volume offers a robust contribution to the fields of medical anthropology and religious studies. It historicizes ARTs within Sunni and Shia Islamic traditions while situating grounded results within a broad comparative ethnographic framework… Because [it] initiates a new theoretical repertoire for critical medical anthropologists and scholars of Islam, this book proves to be a much-needed theoretical springboard for anthropologists interested in issues regarding human life itself—from children’s rights to technoscience to neoliberal regimes and subjectivities.  ·  American Ethnologist

This groundbreaking volume is highly likely to become a point of departure for all future engagements with biotechnologies in the Middle East. The collection expertly reveals in vivid detail the ‘local moral worlds’ of ‘biotechnologies of life’ within the Islamic landscape. Unprecedented and unique, this book challenges both popular misconceptions and academic gaps in knowledge vis-à-vis new developments in bioscience and technology from theocratic Iran to secular Turkey.”  ·  Aditya Bharadwaj, University of Edinburgh

How and to what extent have Islamic legal scholars and Middle Eastern lawmakers, as well as Middle Eastern Muslim physicians and patients, grappled with the complex bioethical, legal, and social issues that are raised in the process of attempting to conceive life in the face of infertility? This path-breaking volume explores the influence of Islamic attitudes on Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) and reveals the variations in both the Islamic jurisprudence and the cultural responses to ARTs.

Marcia C. Inhorn is the William K. Lanman, Jr. Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs in the Department of Anthropology, and The Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale University.

Soraya Tremayne is the Founding Director of The Fertility and Reproduction Studies Group, and a Research Associate at the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Oxford.

Related Link: Other Berghahn titles by Marcia C. Inhorn Reproductive Disruptions: Gender, Technology & Biopolitics in the New Millennium (2007)
Assisting Reproduction, Testing Genes: Global Encounters with the New Biotechnologies (co-edited with Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, 2009)
Reconceiving the Second Sex: Men, Masculinity & Reproduction (co-edited with Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Helene Goldberg & Maruska la Cour Mosegaar, 2009) Other Berghahn Titles by Soraya Tremayne:
Fatness and the Maternal Body: Women's Experiences of Corporeality and the Shaping of Social Policy (co-edited with Maya Unnithan-Kumar, 2011)
Women As Sacred Custodians of the Earth? Women, Spirituality and the Environment
(co-edited with Alaine Low, 2001)
Managing Reproductive Life: Cross-Cultural Themes in Fertility and Sexuality (2001)
Subject: Medical Anthropology
Area: Middle East & Israel

LC: RG133.5.I74 2012

BL: YC.2013.a.5238

BISAC: MED082000 MEDICAL/Reproductive Medicine & Technology; SOC002010 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Anthropology/Cultural; SOC048000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Islamic Studies

BIC: PSXM Medical anthropology; JFSR2 Islamic studies




Contents

Acknowledgments
Glossary of Arabic, Farsi and Turkish Terms

Introduction: Islam and Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Soraya Tremayne and Marcia C. Inhorn

Part I:  Islamic Legal Thought and ARTs: Marriage, Morality, and Clinical Conundrums

Introduction
Frank Griffel

Chapter 1. Constructing Kinship in Sunni Islamic Legal Texts
Thomas Eich

Chapter 2. Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh) and Assisted Reproduction: Establishing Limits to Avoid Social Disorders
Sandra Houot

Chapter 3. Controversies in Islamic Evaluation of Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Farouk Mahmoud

Part II. From Sperm Donation to Stem Cells: The Iranian ART Revolution

Introduction
Narges Erami

Chapter 4. More than Fatwas: Ethical Decision Making in Iranian Fertility Clinics
Robert Tappan

Chapter 5. The “Down Side” of Gamete Donation: Challenging “Happy Family” Rhetoric in Iran
Soraya Tremayne

Chapter 6. Gestational Surrogacy in Iran: Uterine Kinship in Shia Thought and Practice
Shirin Garmaroudi

Chapter 7. Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research in Iran: The Significance of the Islamic Context
Mansooreh Saniei

Part III. Islamic Biopolitics and the “Modern” Nation-state: Comparative Case Studies of ART

Introduction
Sean Brotherton

Chapter 8. Third-Party Reproductive Assistance around the Mediterranean: Comparing Sunni Egypt, Catholic Italy, and Multisectarian Lebanon
Marcia C. Inhorn, Pasquale Patrizio and Gamal I. Serour

Chapter 9. Islamic Bioethics and Religious Politics in Lebanon: On Hizbullah and ARTs
Morgan Clarke

Chapter 10. Assisted Reproduction in Secular Turkey:Regulation, Rhetoric, and the Role of Religion
Zeynep Gürtin-Broadbent

Notes on Contributors
Bibliography
Index

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