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A Belle Epoque?
Women and Feminism in French Society and Culture 1890-1914
Edited by Diana Holmes and Carrie Tarr
364 pages, 30 illus., bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-84545-021-2 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (January 2006)
ISBN 978-1-84545-094-6 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (February 2007)
eISBN 978-0-85745-701-1 eBook
“…this volume makes a welcome contribution to the history of women, gender, and feminism…The essays, while brief, suggest interesting lines for further inquiry based on their creative use of printed sources…, as well as visual materials.” · H-France Review
“…many of the essays are extremely interesting and historians will find them valuable. The book’s brief conclusion emphasizes the achievements of the Belle Epoque: it altered ‘the sense of what it was to be a woman’ (307). Women did have a ‘Belle Epoque’, it seems, albeit a different one from men.” · European History Quarterly
The Third Republic, known as the ‘belle époque’, was a period of lively, articulate and surprisingly radical feminist activity in France, borne out of the contradiction between the Republican ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity and the reality of intense and systematic gender discrimination. Yet, it also was a period of intense and varied artistic production, with women disproving the critical nearconsensus that art was a masculine activity by writing, painting, performing, sculpting, and even displaying an interest in the new "seventh art" of cinema. This book explores all these facets of the period, weaving them into a complex, multi-stranded argument about the importance of this rich period of French women’s history.
Diana Holmes is Professor of French at the University of Leeds, UK. She has published widely on French women writers, including Colette, Rachilde, Renée Vivien, and bestselling romantic authors of the Belle Epoque. Her recent publications include Rachilde – Decadence Gender and the Woman Writer (Berg, 2001), and she is working on a study of romance in 20th century France.
Carrie Tarr is a Research Fellow in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Kingston University London. She has published extensively on gender and ethnicity in French cinema. Her recent publications include Cinema and the Second Sex: Women’s Filmmaking in France in the 1980s and1990s (with B. Rollet, 2001) and Reframing Difference: beur and banlieue cinema in France (2005).
Series: Volume 9, Polygons: Cultural Diversities and Intersections
Subject: Gender Studies General Cultural Studies 18th/19th Century History
LC: HQ1613 .A24 2005
BISAC: SOC032000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Gender Studies; HIS013000 HISTORY/Europe/France; HIS037060 HISTORY/Modern/19th Century
BIC: JFSJ Gender studies, gender groups; HBJD European history
List of Illustrations
Diana Holmes and Carrie Tarr
PART I: FEMINISM AND FEMINISTS
Chapter 1. New Republic, New Women? Feminism and Modernity at the Belle Epoque
Diana Holmes and Carrie Tarr
Chapter 2. 1890–1914: A ‘Belle Epoque’ for Feminism?
Chapter 3. Marguerite Durand and La Fronde: Voicing Women of the Belle Epoque
Chapter 4. The Uncompromising Doctor Madeleine Pelletier: Feminist and Political Activist
Chapter 5. Clans and Chronologies: The Salon of Natalie Barney
PART II: NEW TECHNOLOGIES, NEW WOMEN?
Chapter 6. Vélo-Métro-Auto: Women’s Mobility in Belle Epoque Paris
Chapter 7. Popularising New Women in Belle Epoque Advertising Posters
Ruth E. Iskin
Chapter 8. An American in Paris: Loïe Fuller, Dance and Technology
Chapter 9. Becoming Women: Cinema, Gender and Technology
PART III: WOMEN AND SPECTACLE
Chapter 10. Spectacles of Themselves: Women Writing for the Stage in Belle Epoque France
Kimberly van Noort
Chapter 11. Being a Dancer in 1900: Sign of Alienation or Quest for Autonomy?
Chapter 12. Visions of Reciprocity in the Work of Camille Claudel
PART IV: WOMEN, WRITING AND RECEPTION
Chapter 13. Feminist Discourse in Women’s Novels of Professional Development
Juliette M. Rogers
Chapter 14. Daniel Lesueur and the Feminist Romance
Chapter 15. Virginal Perversion/Radical Subversion: Rachilde and Discourses of Legitimation
Chapter 16. Decadence and the Woman Writer: Renée Vivien’s Une femme m’apparut Tama
Chapter 17. Sensual Deviations and Verbal Abuse: Anna de Noailles in the Critic’s Eye
Chapter 18. Proletarian Women, Proletarian Writing: The Case of Marguerite Audoux
PART V: COLONISED AND OTHER WOMEN
Chapter 19. Coloniser and Colonised in Hubertine Auclert’s Writings on Algeria
Chapter 20. The Chivalrous Coloniser: Colonial Feminism and the roman à thèse in the Belle Epoque
Chapter 21. Marcelle Tinayre’s Notes d’une voyageuse en Turquie: Creating Solidarity among Women
Select Chronology 1870–1914
Notes on Contributors
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