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Years of Conflict

Adolescence, Political Violence and Displacement

Edited by Jason Hart

336 pages, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-84545-528-6 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Published (September 2008)

ISBN  978-1-84545-529-3 $34.95/£24.00 Pb Published (March 2010)

eISBN 978-0-85745-054-8 eBook


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[This book] is a very ambitious project seeking to furnish the reader with a more holistic and yet culturally sensitive understanding of the problem…The authors’ passionate engagement with the issues of children affected by war makes the book an interesting read and a significant contribution into the lives of the young in conflict and displacement settings.  ·  Journal of International Migration and Integration

Recent years have witnessed a significant growth of interest in the consequences of political violence and displacement for the young. However, when speaking of “children” commentators have often taken the situation of those in early and middle childhood as representative of all young people under eighteen years of age. As a consequence, the specific situation of adolescents negotiating the processes of transition towards social adulthood amidst conditions of violence and displacement is commonly overlooked. Years of Conflict provides a much-needed corrective. Drawing upon perspectives from anthropology, psychology, and media studies as well as the insights of those involved in programmatic interventions, it describes and analyses the experiences of older children facing the challenges of daily life in settings of conflict, post-conflict and refuge. Several authors also reflect upon methodological issues in pursuing research with young people in such settings. The accounts span the globe, taking in Liberia, Afghanistan, South Africa, Peru, Jordan, UK/Western Europe, Eastern Africa, Iran, USA, and Colombia.

This book will be invaluable to those seeking a fuller understanding of conflict and displacement and its effects upon adolescents. It will also be welcomed by practitioners concerned to develop more effective ways of providing support to this group.

Jason Hart is a Senior Research Officer at the Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford.

Series: Volume 25, Forced Migration
Subject: Refugee & Migration Studies
Area:

LC: HQ799.2.V56 Y43 2008

BL: YC.2012.a.10265

BISAC: SOC002000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Anthropology/General; SOC007000 SOCIAL SCIENCE/Emigration & Immigration

BIC: JHM Anthropology; JFFN Migration, immigration & emigration




Contents

Acknowledgements

Preface
Jo Boyden

Introduction
Jason Hart

PART I: ADOLESCENCE IN CONTEXT

Chapter 1. Reconstructing Adolescence after Displacement: Experience from Eastern Africa
Hirut Tefferi

Chapter 2. Doing Nothing and Being Good: Social Relationships and Networks of Support among Adolescent Congolese Refugees in Dar es Salaam
Gillian Mann

Chapter 3. Growing Up in Exile: Psychosocial Challenges Facing Refugee Youth in the United States
Kenneth E. Miller, Hallie Kushner, Jill McCall, Zoë Martell and Madhur Kulkarni

PART II: ADOLESCENTS ENGAGING IN POLITICAL VIOLENCE

Chapter 4. Political Transition and Youth Violence in Post-apartheid South Africa: In Search of Understanding
Andrew Dawes

Chapter 5. Abject Heroes: Marginalised Youth, Modernity and Violent Pathways of the Liberian Civil War
Mats Utas

Chapter 6. UNHCR and the Military Recruitment of Adolescents
Hanne Beirens

PART III: GENDERED ADOLESCENCE IN EXILE

Chapter 7. The Long Road Home: Adolescent Afghan Refugees in Iran Contemplate ‘Return’
Homa Hoodfar

Chapter 8. Dislocated Masculinity: Adolescence and the Palestinian Nation-in-exile
Jason Hart

PART IV: RESPONDING TO ADOLESCENTS

Chapter 9. The Challenges of Programming with Youth in Afghanistan
Joanna de Berry

Chapter 10. Adolescence and Armed Conflict in Colombia: ‘Resilience’ as a Construction Emerging within Psychosocial Work
Diana Isabel Alvis Palma

PART V: RESEARCHING WITH ADOLESCENTS

Chapter 11. Participatory Research with War-affected Adolescents and Youth: Lessons Learnt from Fieldwork with Youth Gangs in Ayacucho, Peru
Cordula Strocka

Chapter 12. The Place to Be? Making Media with Young Refugees
Liesbeth de Block

Notes on Contributors
Bibliography
Index

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