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Anti-liberal Europe

A Neglected Story of Europeanization

Edited by Dieter Gosewinkel

210 pages, 3 illus., 1 table, bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78238-425-0 $85.00/£60.00 Hb Published (December 2014)

eISBN 978-1-78238-426-7 eBook


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“[V]iewing Europeanism (as an idea and practice) through a liberal/anti-liberal prism offers a valuable and distinctive perspective on the intellectual and political history of European integration. This volume should join an emerging body of scholarship that shifts attention away from an exclusive focus on diplomatic and institutional histories of the EU and towards a critical intellectual, cultural and social history of European integration.”  ·  Christian Bailey, The Open University

“This book tackles an extremely important topic. It seeks to question teleological assessments of European integration…the contributions have the potential to add significantly to the debate on Europeanisation and European integration.”  ·  Holger Nehring, University of Stirling

The history of modern Europe is often presented with the hindsight of present-day European integration, which was a genuinely liberal project based on political and economic freedom. Many other visions for Europe developed in the 20th century, however, were based on an idea of community rooted in pre-modern religious ideas, cultural or ethnic homogeneity, or even in coercion and violence. They frequently rejected the idea of modernity or reinterpreted it in an antiliberal manner. Anti-liberal Europe examines these visions, including those of anti-modernist Catholics, conservatives, extreme rightists as well as communists, arguing that antiliberal concepts in 20th-century Europe were not the counterpart to, but instead part of the process of European integration.

Dieter Gosewinkel is Professor of Modern History at the Freie Universität Berlin, and researcher and co-director of the Rule of Law Center at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB). His recent books include Die Verfassungen in Europa 1789 - 1949: Eine wissenschaftliche Textedition (co-edited with Johannes Masing and Andreas Würschinger 2006) and Wissenschaft, Politik, Verfassungsgericht (with Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde 2011).

Series: Volume 6, New German Historical Perspectives
Subject: 20th Century History
Area: Europe

LC: JC574.2.E85A67 2014

BISAC: HIS037070 HISTORY/Modern/20th Century; POL042000 POLITICAL SCIENCE/Political Ideologies/General; HIS010000 HISTORY/Europe/General

BIC: HBLW 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000; JPF Political ideologies




Contents

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgements

Part I: Concepts

Chapter 1. Anti-liberal Europe: A Neglected Source of Europeanism. Introduction
Dieter Gosewinkel

Chapter 2. The Elusiveness of European (Anti-)liberalism
Michael Freeden

Part II: Antiliberalism: a feature of colonial and conservative concepts of Europe

Chapter 3. Europe as a Colonial Project: A Critique of Its Anti-liberalism
Fabian Klose

Chapter 4. Facing the Future Backwards. ‘Abendland’ as an Anti-liberal Idea of Europe in Germany between the First World War and the 1960s
Vanessa Conze

Chapter 5. The Call for a New European Order: Origins and Variants of the Anti-liberal Concept of the “Europe of the Regions”
Undine Ruge

Part III: Antiliberal Europe in dictatorships and their aftermath

Chapter 6. The ‘New European Order’ of National Socialism. Some Remarks on Its Sources, Genesis and Manifestations
Jürgen Elvert

Chapter 7. Three Kinds of Collaboration: Concepts of Europe and the ’Franco-German Understanding’ – The Career of SS_Brigadeführer Gustav Krukenberg
Peter Schöttler

Chapter 8. Communist Europeanism: A Case Study of the GDR
Jana Wuestenhagen

Afterword: The Limits of an Anti-liberal Europe
Martin Conway

Notes on Contributors
Index

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