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Rampart Nations: Bulwark Myths of East European Multiconfessional Societies in the Age of Nationalism

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Series
Volume 1

New Perspectives on Central and Eastern European Studies



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Rampart Nations

Bulwark Myths of East European Multiconfessional Societies in the Age of Nationalism

Edited by Liliya Berezhnaya and Heidi Hein-Kircher

388 pages, 14 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78920-147-5 $120.00/£85.00 Hb Not Yet Published (February 2019)

eISBN 978-1-78920-148-2 eBook Not Yet Published


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Reviews

“The contributions in this volume are immensely valuable and include some of the most innovative and best-argued texts I have read in the field.” • Piotr H. Kosicki, University of Maryland

Rampart Nations is a worthy compilation that will interest historians and other scholars. It contains solid scholarship on a subject that deserves attention, adding to our knowledge and understanding of European history and how current society has evolved.• Sebastian Siebel-Achenbach, University of Waterloo

Description

The “bulwark” or antemurale myth—whereby a region is imagined as a defensive barrier against a dangerous Other—has been a persistent strand in the development of Eastern European nationalisms. While historical studies of the topic have typically focused on clashes and overlaps between sociocultural and religious formations, Rampart Nations delves deeper to uncover the mutual transfers and multi-sided national and interconfessional conflicts that helped to spread bulwark myths through Europe’s eastern periphery over several centuries. Ranging from art history to theology to political science, this volume offers new ways of understanding the political, social, and religious forces that continue to shape identity in Eastern Europe.

Liliya Berezhnaya is an Assistant Professor at University of Münster’s “Religion and Politics” Cluster of Excellence in Germany. Her publications include Iconic Turns: Nation and Religion in Eastern European Cinema since 1989 (2013), co-edited with Christian Schmitt, and The World to Come: Ukrainian Images of the Last Judgment (2015), co-authored with John-Paul Himka.

Heidi Hein-Kircher earned her master’s and doctoral degrees from Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf. In 2018, she earned her habilitation degree at Philipps University in Marburg. She is currently on the research staff at the Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe in Marburg, Germany. She is also the Head of Department at the Institute’s Academic Forum.

Subject: 18th/19th Century History 20th Century History Religion
Area: Central/Eastern Europe



Contents

Acknowledgments
List of Illustrations
A Note on Transliteration

PART I: BACKGROUND

Introduction
Liliya Berezhnaya and Heidi Hein-Kircher

Chapter 1. The Origins of Antemurale Christianitatis Myths: Remarks on the Promotion of a Political Concept
Kerstin Weiand

PART II: (DE-)SACRALIZING AND NATIONALIZING BORDERLANDS

Chapter 2. Not a Bulwark, But a Part of the Larger Catholic Community: The Romanian Greek Catholic Church in Transylvania (1700-1850)
Ciprian Ghisa

Chapter 3. Securitizing the Polish Bulwark:The Mission of Lviv in Polish Travel Guides During the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries
Heidi Hein-Kircher

Chapter 4. Ghetto as an "Inner Antemurale"? Debates on Exclusion, Integration, and Identity in Galicia in the 19th and Early 20th Century
Jürgen Heyde

Chapter 5. Holy Ground and Bulwark Against "The Other”: The (Re-)Construction of an Orthodox Crimea in the 19th Century Russian Empire
Kerstin Jobst

Chapter 6. Bastions of Faith in the Oceans of Ambiguities: Monasteries in the East European Borderlands (Late 19th – Beginning of the 20th Centuries)
Liliya Berezhnaya

Chapter 7. "The Turkish Wall:" Turkey as an Anti-Communist and Anti-Russian Bulwark in the 20th Century
Zaur Gasimov

PART III: PROMOTING ANTEMURALE DISCOURSES

Chapter 8. Why Didn’t the Antemurale Historical Mythology Develop in Early 19th Century Ukraine?
Volodymyr Kravchenko

Chapter 9. Translating the Border(s) in a Multilingual and Multiethnic Society: Antemurale Myths in Polish and Ukrainian Schoolbooks of the Habsburg Monarchy
Philipp Hofeneder

Chapter 10. Mediating the Antemurale Myth in East Central Europe: Religion and Politics in Modern Geographers' Entangled Lives and Maps
Steven Seegel

Chapter 11. Bulwarks of Anti-Bolshevism: Russophobic Polemic of the Christian Right in Poland and Hungary in the Interwar Years and Their Roots in the 19th Century
Paul Srodecki

Chapter 12. Defenders of the Russian Land: Viktor Vasnetsov's "Warriors" and Russia’s Bulwark Myth
Stephen M. Norris

PART IV: REFLECTIONS ON THE BULWARK MYTH TODAY

Chapter 13. Antemurale Thinking as Historical Myth and Ethnic Boundary Mechanism
Pål Kolstø

Chapter 14. Concluding Thoughts on Central and Eastern European Bulwark Rhetoric in the 21st Century
Paul Srodecki

Index

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